All Publications

by Martin Nowak

1989  1990  1991  1992  1993  1994  1995  1996  1997  1998  1999  2000  2001  2002   2003   2004  2005  2006  2007  2008  2009  2010  2011  2012  2013  2014  2015  2016  2017   2018  2019 


1.         Nowak, M. A. & P. Schuster (1989). Error thresholds of replication in finite populations: Mutation frequencies and the onset of Muller’s ratchet. J. Theor. Biol. 137: 375-395. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(89)80036-0  PDF

2.         Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1989). Game-dynamical aspects of the prisoner's dilemma. Appl. Math. Comput. 30: 191-213. DOI: 10.1016/0096-3003(89)90052-0  PDF

3.         Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1989). Oscillations in the evolution of reciprocity. J. Theor. Biol. 137: 21-26. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(89)80146-8  PDF


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4.         Nowak, M. A. (1990). An evolutionarily stable strategy may be inaccessible. J. Theor. Biol. 142: 237-241. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80224-3  PDF

5.         Nowak, M. A. (1990). HIV mutation rate. Nature 347: 522. DOI: 10.1038/347522a0  PDF

6.         Nowak, M. A. (1990). Stochastic strategies in the prisoner’s dilemma. Theor. Popul. Biol. 38: 93-112. DOI: 10.1016/0040-5809(90)90005-G  PDF

7.         Nowak, M. A., May, R. M. & R. M. Anderson (1990). The evolutionary dynamics of HIV quasispecies and the development of immunodeficiency disease. AIDS 4: 1095-1103. DOI: 10.1097/00002030-199011000-00007  PDF 

8.         Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1990). The evolution of stochastic strategies in the prisoner's dilemma. Acta Appl. Math. 20: 247-265. DOI: 10.1007/BF00049570  PDF


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9.         Kwiatkowski, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1991). Periodic and chaotic host-parasite interactions in human malaria. PProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88: 5111-5113. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.88.12.5111  PDF

10.       Magurran, A.E. & Nowak, M. A.(1991). Another battle of the sexes: the consequences of sexual asymmetry in mating costs and predation risk in the guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 246: 31-38. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1991.0121  PDF

11.       Nowak, M. A. (1991). The evolution of viruses. Competition between horizontal and vertical transmission of mobile genes. J. Theor. Biol. 150: 339-347. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80433-3  PDF

12.       Nowak, M. A., Anderson, R. M., McLean, A. R., Wolfs, T. F. W., Goudsmit, J. & R. M. May (1991). Antigenic diversity thresholds and the development of AIDS. Science 254: 963-969. DOI: 10.1126/science.1683006  PDF

13.       Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1991). Mathematical biology of HIV infections: Antigenic variation and diversity threshold. Math. Biosci. 106: 1-21. DOI: 10.1016/0025-5564(91)90037-J  PDF

14.       Nowak, M. A. & A. R. McLean (1991). A mathematical model of vaccination against HIV to prevent development of AIDS. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 246: 141-146. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1991.0136  PDF


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15.       McLean, A. R. & Nowak, M. A.(1992). Competition between zidovudine sensitive and resistant strains of HIV. AIDS 6: 71-79. DOI: 10.1097/00002030-199201000-00009  PDF

16.       McLean A. R. & Nowak, M. A. (1992). Models of interactions between HIV and other pathogens. J. Theor. Biol. 155: 69-86. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80549-1  PDF

17.       Nowak, M. A. (1992). Variability in HIV infections. J. Theor. Biol. 155: 1-20. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80545-4  PDF           

18.       Nowak, M. A. (1992). What is a quasispecies? Trends Ecol. Evol. 7: 118-121. DOI: 10.1016/0169-5347(92)90145-2  PDF

19.       Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1992). Coexistence and competition in HIV infections. J. Theor. Biol. 159: 329-342. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80728-3  PDF

20.       Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1992). Evolutionary games and spatial chaos. Nature 359: 826-829. DOI: 10.1038/359826a0  PDF

21.       Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1992). Tit for tat in heterogeneous populations. Nature 355: 250-253. DOI: 10.1038/355250a0  PDF

22.       Nowak, M. A., Tarczy-Hornoch, K. & J. M. Austyn (1992). The optimal number of major histocompatibility complex molecules in an individual. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89: 10896-10899. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.89.22.10896   PDF

23.       Payne, R. J. H, Nowak, M. A. & B. S. Blumberg (1992). Analysis of a cellular model to account for the natural history of infection by the hepatitis B virus and its role in the development of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. J. Theor. Biol. 159: 215-240. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80703-9  PDF

24.       Sherratt, J. A. & Nowak, M. A. (1992). Oncogenes, anti-oncogenes and the immune response to cancer: A mathematical model. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 248: 261-271. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1992.0071   PDF


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25.       Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1993). AIDS pathogenesis: Mathematical models of HIV and SIV infections. AIDS 7: S3-S18. DOI: 10.1097/00002030-199301001-00002   PDF

26.       Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1993). The spatial dilemmas of evolution. Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos. 3: 35-78. DOI: 10.1142/S0218127493000040  PDF

27.       Nowak, M. A. & A. R. McLean (1993). Mathematical models for the pathogenesis of AIDS. In Mathematics Applied to Biology and Medicine, eds. J. Demongeot, V. Capasso. Winnipeg: Wuertz Publishing, 275-284.

28.       Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1993). A strategy of win-stay, lose-shift that outperforms tit-for-tat in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature 364: 56-58. DOI: 10.1038/364056a0 PDF

29.       Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1993). Chaos and the evolution of cooperation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90: 5091-5094. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.90.11.5091  PDF


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30.       Berry R. M. & Nowak, M.A. (1994). Defective escape mutants of HIV. J. Theor. Biol. 171: 387-395. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1994.1242 PDF

31.       Bonhoeffer, S., & Nowak, M.A. (1994). Intra-host versus inter-host selection: Viral strategies of immune function impairment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91: 8062-8066. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.91.17.8062  PDF

32.       Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M.A. (1994). Mutation and the evolution of virulence. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 258: 133-140. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1994.0153  PDF

33.       May, R. M. & Nowak, M.A. (1994). Superinfection, metapopulation dynamics, and the evolution of diversity. J. Theor. Biol. 170: 95-114. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1994.1171  PDF

34.       Moxon, E. R., Rainey, P. B., Nowak, M. A. & R. E. Lenski (1994). Adaptive evolution of highly mutable loci in pathogenic bacteria. Curr. Biol. 4: 24-33. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-9822(00)00005-1  PDF

35.       Nowak, M. A. (1994). The evolutionary dynamics of HIV infections. In First European Congress of Mathematics: Paris, July 6-10, 1992, Vol. II, eds. A. Joseph, F. Mignot, F. Murat, B. Prum, R. Rentschler. Basel: Birkhauser, 311-326.  PDF

36.       Nowak, M. A., Bonhoeffer, S. & R. M. May (1994). More spatial games. Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 4: 33-56. DOI: 10.1142/S0218127494000046   PDF

37.       Nowak, M. A., Bonhoeffer, S. & R. M. May (1994). Spatial games and the maintenance of cooperation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91: 4877-4881. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.91.11.4877  PDF

38.       Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1994). Superinfection and the evolution of parasite virulence. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 255: 81-89. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1994.0012  PDF

39.       Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1994). The alternating Prisoner’s Dilemma. J. Theor. Biol. 168: 219-226. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1994.1101  PDF

40.       Payne, R. J. H., Nowak, M. A. & B. S. Blumberg (1994). A cellular model to explain the pathogenesis of infection by the hepatitis B virus. Math. Biosci. 123: 25-58. DOI: 10.1016/0025-5564(94)90017-5  PDF

41.       Tilman, D., May, R. M., Lehman, C. L. & Nowak, M.A.(1994). Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371: 65-66. DOI: 10.1038/371065a0  PDF


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42.       Bonhoeffer, S., Holmes, E.C & Nowak, M.A. (1995). Causes of HIV diversity. Nature 376: 125. DOI: 10.1038/376125a0  PDF

43.       Bonhoeffer, S., Holmes, E. C. & Nowak, M.A. (1995). Varying selection pressures in HIV -1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. 10: 85.

44.       Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M.A. (1995). Can live attenuated virus work as post-exposure treatment? Immunol. Today 16: 131-135. DOI: 10.1016/0167-5699(95)80129-4 PDF

45.       Lipsitch, M., Herre, E. A. & Nowak, M.A.(1995). Host population structure and the evolution of virulence: A “law of diminishing returns.” Evolution 49: 743-748. DOI: 10.2307/2410327  PDF

46.       Lipsitch, M. & Nowak, M.A. (1995). The evolution of virulence in sexually transmitted HIV/AIDS. J. Theor. Biol. 174: 427-440. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1995.0109  PDF

47.       Lipsitch, M., Nowak, M. A., Ebert, D., R. M. May (1995). The population dynamics of vertically and horizontally transmitted parasites. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 260: 321-327. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1995.0099  PDF

48.       May, R. M. Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M.A. (1995). Spatial games and evolution of cooperation. In Advances in Artificial Life: Third European Conference on Artificial Life, Granada, Spain, June 4-6, 1995, eds. F. Moran, A. Moreno, J. J. Merelo, P. Chacon. Berlin: Springer, 749-759.  PDF

49.       May, R. M. & Nowak, M.A. (1995). Coinfection and the evolution of parasite virulence. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 261: 209-215. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1995.0138  PDF

50.       McMichael, A. J., Rowland-Jones, S., Klenerman, P. et al (1995). Epitope variation and t-cell recognition. J. Cell .Biochem. Suppl. 59 (S21A): 60.

51.       Nowak, M. A. (1995). AIDS pathogenesis: From models to viral dynamics in patients. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. 10: S1-S5. DOI: 10.1097/00042560-199510001-00002  PDF

52.       Nowak, M. A. (1995). Evolutionary dynamics of HIV infections. In Models for Infectious Human Diseases: Their Structure and Relation to Data, eds. V. Isham & G. Medley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  PDF

53.       Nowak, M. A., Bonhoeffer, S., Loveday, C., Balfe, P., Semple, M., Kaye, S., Tenant-Flowers, M. & R. Tedder (1995). HIV results in the frame: Results confirmed. Nature 375: 193. DOI: 10.1038/375193a0  PDF

54.       Nowak, M. A., May, R. M., Phillips, R. E., Rowland-Jones, S., , Lalloo, D. G., McAdam, S., Klenerman, P., Köppe, B., Sigmund, K., Bangham, C. R. M. & A. J. McMichael (1995). Antigenic oscillations and shifting immunodominance in HIV-1 infections. Nature 375: 606-611. DOI: 10.1038/375606a0  PDF

55.       Nowak, M. A., May, R. M. & K. Sigmund (1995). Immune responses against multiple epitopes. J. Theor. Biol. 175: 325-353. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1995.0146  PDF

56.       Nowak, M. A., May, R. M. & K. Sigmund (1995). The arithmetics of mutual help. Sci.Am. 272: 76-81. DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican0695-76  PDF

57.       Nowak, M. A., A. J. McMichael (1995). How HIV defeats the immune system. Sci.Am. 273: 58-65. DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican0895-58  PDF

58.       Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1995). Invasion dynamics of the finitely repeated Prisoner's Dilemma. Games Econ. Behav. 11: 364-390. DOI: 10.1006/game.1995.1055  PDF

59.       Nowak, M. A., Sigmund, K. & E. El-Sedy (1995). Automata, repeated games and noise. J. Math. Biol. 33: 703-722. DOI: 10.1007/BF00184645  PDF

60.       Wei, X., Ghosh, S. K., Taylor, M. E., Johnson, V. A. Emini, E. A., Deutsch, P., Arnaout, R. A., Bonhoeffer, S., Nowak, M. A., Hahn, B. H., Saag, M. S. & G. M. Shaw (1995). Viral dynamics in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Nature 373: 117-122. DOI: 10.1038/373117a0  PDF


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61.       Antia, R., Nowak, M. A. & R. M. Anderson (1996). Antigenic variation and the within-host dynamics of parasites. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93: 985-989. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.3.985  PDF

62.       Boerlijst, M. C., Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M.A. (1996). Viral quasi-species and recombination. Proc. R. Soc. B. 263: 1577-1584. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1996.0231  PDF

63.       Bonhoeffer, S., Herz, A. M. V., Boerlijst, M. C., Nee, S., Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1996). Explaining "linguistic features" of noncoding DNA. Science 271: 14-15. DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5245.14b  PDF

64.       Bonhoeffer, S., Herz, A. M. V., Boerlijst, M. C., Nee, S., Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (1996). No signs of hidden language in noncoding DNA. Phys. Rev. Lett. 76: 1977. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.1977  PDF

65.       Herz, A. V. M., Bonhoeffer, S., Anderson, R. M., May, R. M. & Nowak, M.A. (1996). Viral dynamics in vivo: Limitations on estimates of intracellular delay and virus decay. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93: 7247-7251. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.14.7247  PDF

66.       Klenerman. P., Phillips, R. E., Rinaldo, C. R., Wahl, L. M., Ogg, G., May, R. M., McMichael, A. J. & Nowak, M.A. (1996). Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and viral turnover in HIV type 1 infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93: 15323-15328. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.26.15323   PDF

67.       Lipsitch, M., Siller, S. & Nowak, M.A. (1996). The evolution of virulence in pathogens with vertical and horizontal transmission. Evolution 50: 1729-1741. DOI: 10.2307/2410731  PDF

68.       McMichael, A.J., Goulder, P., Rowland-Jones, S., Nowak, M. A. & R. Philips (1996). HIV escapes from cytotoxic lymphocytes. Immunology 89: 111.

69.       Nowak, M. A. (1996). Immune responses against multiple epitopes: A theory for immunodominance and antigenic variation. Semin. Virol. 7: 83-92. DOI: 10.1006/smvy.1996.0010  PDF

70.       Nowak, M. A., Anderson, R. M., Boerlijst, M. C., Bonhoeffer, S., May, R. M. & A. J. McMichael (1996). HIV-1 evolution and disease progression. Science 274: 1008-1011. DOI: 10.1126/science.274.5289.1008  PDF

71.       Nowak, M. A. & C. R. M. Bangham (1996). Population dynamics of immune responses to persistent viruses. Science 272: 74-79. DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5258.74  PDF

72.       Nowak, M. A., Bonhoeffer, S., Hill, A. M., Boehme, R., Thomas, H. C. & H. McDade (1996). Viral dynamics in hepatitis B virus infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93: 4398-4402. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.9.4398  PDF

73.       Nowak, M. A., Bonhoeffer, S. & R. M. May (1996). Reply to Robustness of cooperation, A. Mukherji, V. Rajan & J, Slagle. Nature 379: 126. DOI: 10.1038/379126a0  PDF

74.       Payne, R. J. H., Nowak, M. A. & B. S. Blumberg (1996). The dynamics of hepatitis B virus infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93: 6542-6546. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.13.6542  PDF

75.       Stekel, D. J., Nowak, M. A. & T. R. E. Southwood (1996). Prediction of future BSE spread. Nature 381: 119. DOI: 10.1038/381119a0  PDF

76.       Tilman, D., Lehman, C., May, R. M. & Nowak, M. A.(1996). Reply to Species fragmentation or area loss? S.Budiansky. Nature 382: 216. DOI: 10.1038/382216a0  PDF 


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77.       Bittner, B., Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M. A. (1997). Virus load and antigenic diversity. Bull. Math. Biol. 59: 881-896. DOI: 10.1016/S0092-8240(97)00034-7  PDF

78.       Boerlijst, M. C., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1997). Equal pay for all prisoners. Am. Math. Mon. 104:303-305. DOI: 10.2307/2974578  PDF

79.       Boerlijst, M. C., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1997). The logic of contrition. J. Theor. Biol. 185: 281-293.DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1996.0326  PDF

80.       Bonhoeffer, S., Coffin, J. M. & Nowak, M. A. (1997). Human immunodeficiency virus drug therapy and virus load. J. Virol. 71: 3275-3278.  PDF

81.       Bonhoeffer, S., May, R. M., Shaw, G. M. & Nowak, M. A. (1997). Virus dynamics and drug therapy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94: 6971-6976. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.94.13.6971  PDF

82.       Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M. A. (1997). Pre-existence and emergence of drug resistance in HIV-1 infection. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 264: 631-637. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1997.0089  PDF

83.       Chun, T-W., Stuyver,, L., Mizell, S. B., Ehler, L. A., Mican, J. A. M., Baseler, M., Lloyd, A. L., Nowak, M. A. & A. S. Fauci (1997). Presence of an inducible HIV-1 latent reservoir during highly active antiretroviral therapy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94: 13193-13197. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.94.24.13193  PDF

84.       Cooke, J., Nowak, M. A., Boerlijst, M. C. & J. Maynard-Smith (1997). Evolutionary origins and maintenance of redundant gene expression during metazoan development. Trends Genet. 13: 360-364. DOI:  PDF

85.       Goulder P. J. R., Phillips, R. E., Colbert, R. A., McAdam, S., Ogg, G., Nowak, M. A., Giangrande, P., Luzzi, G., Morgan, B., Edwards, A., McMichael, A. J. & S. Rowland-Jones (1997) Late escape from an immunodominant cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response associated with progression to AIDS. Nat. Med. 3:212-217. DOI: 10.1038/nm0297-212  PDF

86.       Goulder P. J. R., Price, D., Nowak, M. A., Rowland-Jones, S., Phillips, R. & A. McMichael (1997). Co-evolution of human immunodeficiency virus and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses. Immunol. Rev. 159:17-29. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.1997.tb01004.x  PDF

87.       Arnaout, R. A., Nowak, M. A., Goldstein, S., Rossio, J. L., Kinter, A., Vasquez, G., Wiltrout, T. A., Brown, C., Schneider, D., Wahl, L., Lloyd, A. L., Williams, J., Elkins, W. R., Fauci, A. S. & V. M. Hirsch (1997). The extent of early viral replication is a critical determinant of the natural history of simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J. Virol. 71: 9508-9514.  PDF

88.       May, R. M., Stekel, D. J. & Nowak, M. A. (1997). Antigenic diversity thresholds and hazard functions. Math. Biosci. 139: 59-68. DOI: 10.1016/S0025-5564(96)00141-1  PDF

89.       Nowak, M. A., Boerlijst, M. C., Cooke, J. & J. Maynard Smith (1997). Evolution of genetic redundancy. Nature 388: 167-171. DOI: 10.1038/40618  PDF

90.       Nowak, M. A., Bonhoeffer, S., Shaw, G. M. & R. M. May (1997). Anti-viral drug treatment: Dynamics of resistance in free virus and infected cell populations. J. Theor. Biol. 184: 203-217. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1996.0307  PDF

91.       Nowak, M. A., Lloyd, A. L., Vasquez, G. M., Wiltrout, T. A., Wahl, L. M., Bischofberger, N., Williams, J., Kinter, A., Fauci, A. S., Hirsch, V. M. & J. D. Lifson (1997). Viral dynamics of primary viremia and antiretroviral therapy in simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J. Virol. 71: 7518-7525.   PDF 

92.       Sigmund, K. & Nowak, M.A. (1997). The natural history of mutual aid: An eye for an eye, and a meal for a meal. In Wissenschaft als Kultur, ed. F. Stadler. New York: Springer, 259-272.

93.       Stekel. D., Parker, C. E. & Nowak, M.A. (1997). A model of lymphocyte recirculation. Immunol. Today 18: 216-221. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-5699(97)01036-0   PDF

94.       Wein, L. M., Zenios, S. A. & Nowak, M.A. (1997). Dynamic multidrug therapies for HIV: A control theoretic approach. J. Theor. Biol. 185: 15-29. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1996.0253 PDF


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95.       Goh, W. C., Rogel, M. E., Kinsey, C. M., Michael, S. F., Fultz, P. N., Nowak, M. A. Hahn, B. H. & M. Emerman (1998). HIV-1 Vpr increases viral expression by manipulation of the cell cycle: A mechanism for selection of Vpr in vivo. Nat. Med. 4: 65-71. DOI: 10.1038/nm0198-065  PDF

96.       Kilby, J. M,. Hopkins, S., Venetta, T. M., DiMassimo, B., Cloud, G. A., Lee, J. Y., Alldredge, L., Hunter, E., Lambert, D., Bolognesi, D., Matthews, T., Johnson, M. R., Nowak, M. A., Shaw, G. M. & M. S. Saag (1998). Potent suppression of HIV-1 replication in humans by T-20, a peptide inhibitor of gp41-mediated virus entry. Nat. Med. 4: 1302-1307. DOI: 10.1038/3293  PDF

97.       Levin, B. R., Antia, R., Berliner, E., Bloland, P., Bonhoeffer, S., Cohen, M., DeRouin, T., Fields, P. I., Jafari, Jernigan, H. D., Lipsitch, M., McGowan, J. E., Mead, P., Nowak, M. A., Porco, T., Sykora, P., Simonsen, L., Spitznagel, J., Tauxe, R. & F. Tenover (1998). Resistance to antimicrobial chemotherapy: A prescription for research and action. Am. J. Med. Sci. 315: 87-94. DOI: 10.1097/00000441-199802000-00004  PDF

98.       Nowak, M. A., Krakauer, D. C., Klug, A. & R. M. May (1998). Prion infection dynamics. Integr. Biol. 1: 3-15. DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1520-6602(1998);2-0  PDF

99.       Nowak, M. A. & Sigmund, K. (1998). Darwins Dynamik. DMV-Mitteilungen 4: 37-44.  PDF

100.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1998). Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring. Nature 393: 573-577. DOI: 10.1038/31225  PDF

101.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1998). The dynamics of indirect reciprocity. J. Theor. Biol. 194: 561-574.DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1998.0775  PDF

102.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1998). What two legs can learn from four legs. Book review of Foundations of Social Evolution, S. A. Frank; Cooperation Among Animals, A. L. Dugatkin. Nature 395: 760-761. DOI: 10.1038/27368  PDF

103.      Ogg, G.S., Jin, X., Bonhoeffer, S., Dunbar, P. R., Nowak, M. A., S Monard, Segal, J. P., Cao, Y., Rowland-Jones, S. L., Cerundolo, V., Hurley, A., Markowitz, M., Ho, D. D., Nixon, D. F. & A. J. McMichael (1998). Quantitation of HIV-1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and plasma load of viral RNA. Science 279: 2103-2106. DOI: 10.1126/science.279.5359.2103  PDF

104.      Ostrowski, M. A., Krakauer, D. C., Li, Y., Justement, S. J., Learn, G., Ehler, L. A., Stanley, S. K., Nowak, M. A. & A. S. Fauci (1998). Effect of immune activation on the dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus replication and on the distribution of viral quasispecies. J. Virol. 72: 7772-7784.  PDF

105.      Regoes, R. R., Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1998). Virus dynamics: The effect of target cell limitation and immune responses on virus evolution. J. Theor. Biol. 191: 451-462. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1997.0617  PDF

106.      Ribeiro, R. M., Bonhoeffer, S. & Nowak, M. A. (1998). The frequency of resistant mutant virus before anti-viral therapy. AIDS 12: 461-465. DOI: 10.1097/00002030-199805000-00006  PDF

107.      Sigmund, K., M Boerlijst & Nowak, M. A. (1998). Automata and inner states for repeated games. In Game Theory, Experience, Rationality, ed. W. Leinfeller, E. Köhler. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 131-139.  DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-1654-3_11  PDF

108.      Sigmund, K. & Nowak, M. A. (1998). Cyber-sociology. Book review of The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration, R Axelrod. Nature 392: 457. DOI: 10.1038/33069  PDF

109.      Wodarz, D., Klenerman, P., Nowak, M. A. (1998). Dynamics of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte exhaustion. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 265: 191-203. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1998.0282  PDF

110.      Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1998). Mathematical models of virus dynamics and resistance. J. HIV Ther. 3: 36-41.  PDF

111.      Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1998). The effect of different immune responses on the evolution of virulent CXCR4-tropic HIV. Proc. R. Soc. B. 265: 2149-2158. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1998.0552  PDF


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112.      Arnaout, R. A., Lloyd, A. L., O’Brien, T. R., Goedert, J. J., Leonard, J. M. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). A simple relationship between viral load and survival time in HIV-1 infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96: 11549-11553. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.20.11549  PDF

113.      Bangham, C. R. M., Hall, S. E., Jeffery, K. J. M., Vine, A. M., Witkover, A. Nowak, M. A., Wodarz, D., Ususku, K. & M. Osame (1999). Genetic control and dynamics of the cellular immune response to the human T-cell leukaemia virus, HTLV-I. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 354: 691-700. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.1999.0422  PDF

114.      Callaway, D. S., Ribeiro, R. M. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Virus phenotype switching and disease progression in HIV-1 infection. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 266: 2523-2530. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0955  PDF

115.      Hockett, R. D, Kilby, J .M., Derdeyn, C. A., Saag, M. S., Sillers, M., Squires, K., Chiz, S., Nowak, M. A., Shaw, G. M. & R. P. Bucy (1999). Constant mean viral copy number per infected cell in tissues regardless of high, low, or undetectable plasma HIV RNA. J. Exp. Med. 189: 1545-1554. DOI: 10.1084/jem.189.10.1545  PDF

116.      Jefferey, K. J. M., Usuku, K., Hall, S. E., Matsumoto, W., Taylor, G. P., Proctor, J., Bunce, M., Ogg, G. S., Welsh, K. I., Weber, J. N., Lloyd, A. L., Nowak, M. A., Nagai, M., Kodama, D., Izumo, S., Osame, M. & C. R. M. Bangham (1999). HLA alleles determine human T-lymphotropic virus -I (HTLV-I) proviral load and the risk of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96: 3848-3853. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.7.3848  PDF

117.      Krakauer, D. C. & Nowak, M. A.(1999). Evolutionary preservation of redundant duplicated genes. Semin. Cell Dev. Biol. 10: 555-559. DOI: 10.1006/scdb.1999.0337 PDF

118.      Krakauer, D. C. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). T-cell induced pathogenesis in HIV: Bystander effects and latent infection. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 266: 1069-1075. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0745  PDF

119.      Masel, J., Jansen, V. A. A. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Quantifying the kinetic parameters of prion replication. Biophys. Chem. 77: 139-152. DOI: 10.1016/S0301-4622(99)00016-2  PDF

120.      Nowak, M. A. (1999). The mathematical biology of human infections. Conserv. Ecol. 3 (2): 12. DOI: 10.5751/es-00138-030212

121.      Nowak, M. A. & D. C. Krakauer (1999). The evolution of language. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96: 8028-8033. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.14.8028  PDF

122.      Nowak, M. A., Krakauer, D. C. & A. Dress (1999). An error limit for the evolution of language. Proc. R. Soc. B. 266: 2131-2136. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0898  PDF

123.      Nowak, M. A., Plotkin, J. B. & D. C. Krakauer (1999). The evolutionary language game. J. Theor. Biol. 200: 147-162. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1999.0981  PDF

124.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1999). Aux racines de la coopération. Recherche 325: 38-39.  PDF

125.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (1999). Phage-lift for game theory. Nature 398: 367-368. DOI: 10.1038/18761  PDF

126.      Ogg, G. S., Jin, X., Bonhoeffer, S., Moss, P., Nowak, M. A., Monard, S., Segal, J. P., Cao, Y., Rowland-Jones, S. L., Hurley, A., Markowitz, M., Ho, D. D., McMichael, A. J. & D. F. Nixon (1999). Decay kinetics of human immunodeficiency virus-specific effector cytotoxic T lymphocytes after combination antiretroviral therapy. J. Virol. 73: 797-800.  PDF

127.      Sigmund, K. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Evolutionary game theory. Curr. Biol. 9: R503-R505. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-9822(99)80321-2  PDF

128.      Taylor, G. P., Hall, S. E., Navarette, S., Michie, C. A., Davis, R., Witkover, A. D., Rossor, M., Nowak, M. A., Rudge, P., Matutes, E., Bangham, C. R. M. & J. N. Weber (1999). Effect of lamivudine on human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) DNA copy number, T-cell phenotype, and anti-Tax cytotoxic T-cell frequency in patients with HTLV-1 associated myelopathy. J. Virol. 73: 10289-10295.  PDF

129.      Wahl, L. M. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). The continuous Prisoner’s Dilemma: I. Linear reactive strategies. J. Theor. Biol. 200: 307-321. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1999.0996  PDF

130.      Wahl, L. M. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). The continuous Prisoner’s Dilemma: II. Linear reactive strategies with noise. J. Theor. Biol. 200: 323-338. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1999.0997  PDF

131.      Wodarz, D., Lloyd, A. L., Jansen, V. A. A. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Dynamics of macrophage and T cell infection by HIV. J. Theor. Biol. 196: 101-113. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1998.0816  PDF

132.      Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Dynamics of HIV pathogenesis and treatment. In Origin and Evolution of Viruses, eds. E. Domingo, R. Webster, J. Holland. London: Academic Press, 197-223. DOI: 10.1016/b978-012220360-2/50010-6  PDF

133.      Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Dynamics of immune escape in HIV infection. Wien Klin Wochenschr 111:  419-427.  PDF

134.      Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Evolutionary dynamics of HIV-1 induced subversion of the immune response. Immunol. Rev. 168: 75-89. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.1999.tb01284.x  PDF

135.      Wodarz, D. & Nowak, M. A. (1999). Specific therapy regimes could lead to long-term immunological control of HIV. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96: 14464-14469. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.25.14464  PDF

136.      Wodarz, D., Nowak, M. A. & C. R. M. Bangham (1999). The dynamics of HTLV-I and the CTL response. Immunol. Today 20: 220-227. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-5699(99)01446-2  PDF


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137.      Arnaout, R. A. & Nowak, M. A. (2000). Competitive coexistence in antiviral immunity. J. Theor. Biol. 204: 431-441. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2000.2027  PDF

138.      Arnaout, R. A., Nowak, M. A. & D. Wodarz (2000). HIV-1 dynamics revisited: Biphasic decay by cytotoxic T-lymphocyte killing? Proc. Royal Soc. B. 267: 1347-1354. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2000.1149  PDF

139.      Barchet, W., Oehen, S., Klenerman, P., Wodarz, D., Bocharov, G., Lloyd, A. L., Nowak, M. A., Hengartner, H., Zinkernagel, R. M. & S. Ehl (2000). Direct quantitation of rapid elimination of viral antigen-positive lymphocytes by antiviral CD8+ T cells in vivo. Eur. J. Immunol. 30: 1356-1363. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-4141(200005)30:5%3C1356::AID-IMMU1356%3E3.0.CO;2-K  PDF

140.      Krakauer, D. C. & Nowak, M. A. (2000). Book review of Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons, S. Levin. Notices Am. Math. Soc. 147: 564-568.  PDF

141.      Lifson, J. D., Rossio, J. L., Arnaout, R., Li, L., Parks, T. L., Schneider, D. K., Kiser, R. F., Coalter, V. J., Walsh, G., Imming, R. J., Fisher, B., Flynn, B. M., Bischofberger, N., Piatak, M., Hirsch, V. M., Nowak, M. A. & D. Wodarz (2000). Containment of simian immunodeficiency virus infection: Cellular immune responses and protection from rechallenge following transient postinoculation antiretroviral treatment. J. Virol. 74: 2584-2593. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.74.6.2584-2593.2000 PDF

142.      Nowak, M. A. (2000). Evolutionary biology of language. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 355: 1615-1622. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0723  PDF

143.      Nowak, M. A. (2000). Homo grammaticus. Nat. Hist. 109: 36-44.  PDF

144.      Nowak, M. A. (2000). The basic reproductive ratio of a word, the maximum size of a lexicon. J. Theor. Biol. 204: 179-189. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2000.1085  PDF

145.      Nowak, M. A. & R. M. May (2000). Virus Dynamics: Mathematical Principles of Immunology and Virology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780198504177

146.      Nowak, M. A., Page, K. M. & K. Sigmund (2000). Fairness versus reason in the ultimatum game. Science 289: 1773-1775. DOI: 10.1126/science.289.5485.1773  PDF

147.      Nowak, M. A., Plotkin, J. B. & V. A. A. Jansen (2000). The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404: 495-498. DOI: 10.1038/35006635  PDF

148.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2000). Cooperation versus competition. Financ. Anal. J. 56: 13-22. DOI: 10.2469/faj.v56.n4.2370  PDF

149.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2000). Games on grids. In The Geometry of Ecological Interactions, eds. U. Dieckmann, R. Law, J. A. J Metz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 135-150.  PDF

150.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2000). Shrewd investments. Science 288: 819-820. DOI: 10.1126/science.288.5467.819  PDF

151.      Page, K. M. & Nowak, M. A. (2000). A generalized adaptive dynamics framework can describe the evolutionary ultimatum game. J. Theor. Biol. 209: 173-179. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2000.2251  PDF

152.      Page, K. M., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2000). The spatial ultimatum game. Proc. R. Soc. B. 267: 2177-2182. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2000.1266  PDF

153.      Plotkin, J. B. & Nowak, M. A. (2000). Language evolution and information theory. J. Theor. Biol. 205:147-159. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2000.2053  PDF

154.      Plotkin, J. B., Potts, M. D., Yu, D. W., Bunyavejchewin, S., Condit, R., Foster, R., Hubbell, S., LaFrankie, J., Manokaran, N., Seng, L. H., Sukumar, R., Nowak, M. A. & P. S. Ashton (2000). Predicting species diversity in tropical forests. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97: 10850-10854. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.97.20.10850  PDF

155.      Regoes, R.R., Nowak, M. A. & S. Bonhoeffer (2000). Evolution of virulence in a heterogeneous host population. Evolution 54: 64-71. DOI: 10.1554/0014-3820(2000)054[0064:EOVIAH]2.0.CO;2  PDF

156.      Sigmund, K. & M. A. Nowak (2000). A tale of two selves. Science 290: 949-950. DOI: 10.1126/science.290.5493.949  PDF

157.      Sigmund, K. & M. A. Nowak (2000). Playing for keeps. Book review of Game Theory Evolving: A Problem-Centered Introduction to Modeling Strategic Interaction, H Gintis. Science 290: 281. DOI: 10.1126/science.290.5490.281  PDF

158.      Trapa, P. E. & M. A. Nowak (2000). Nash equilibria for an evolutionary language game. J. Math. Biol. 41: 172-188. DOI: 10.1007/s002850070004  PDF

159.      Wahl, L. M., Bittner, B. & M. A. Nowak (2000). Immunological transitions in response to antigenic mutation during viral infection. Int. Immunol. 12: 1371-1380. DOI: 10.1093/intimm/12.10.1371  PDF

160.      Wahl, L. M. & M. A. Nowak (2000). Adherence and drug resistance: Predictions for therapy outcome. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 267: 835-843. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2000.1079  PDF

161.      Wodarz, D., Arnaout, R. A., Nowak, M. A. & J. D. Lifson (2000). Transient antiretroviral treatment during acute simian immunodeficiency virus infection facilitates long-term control of the virus. Phil. Trans. R. Soc.B. 355: 1021-1029. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0639  PDF

162.      Wodarz, D., May, R. M. & M. A. Nowak (2000). The role of antigen-independent persistence of memory cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Int. Immunol. 12: 467-477. DOI: 10.1093/intimm/12.4.467  PDF

163.      Wodarz, D. & M. A. Nowak. (2000). CD8 memory, immunodominance, and antigenic escape. Eur. J. Immunol. 30: 2704-2712. DOI: 10.1002/1521-4141(200009)30:9%3C2704::AID-IMMU2704%3E3.0.CO;2-0  PDF

164.      Wodarz, D. & M. A. Nowak. (2000). Correlates of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-mediated virus control: Implications for immuno-suppressive infections and their treatment. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 355: 1059-1070. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0643  PDF

165.      Wodarz, D. & M. A. Nowak (2000). HIV therapy: Managing resistance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97: 8193-8195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.97.15.8193  PDF

166.      Wodarz, D. & M. A. Nowak (2000). Immune responses and viral phenotype: Do replication rate and cytopathogenicity influence virus load? J. Theor. Med. 2: 113-127. DOI: 10.1080/10273660008833041  PDF

167.      Wodarz, D., Page, K. M., Arnaout, R. A., Thomsen, A. R., Lifson, J. D. & M. A. Nowak (2000). A new theory of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte memory: Implications for HIV treatment. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 355: 329-343. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0570  PDF


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168.      Komarova, N. L., Niyogi, P. & M. A. Nowak (2001). The evolutionary dynamics of grammar acquisition. J. Theor. Biol. 209: 43-59. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2000.2240  PDF

169.      Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2001). Natural selection of the critical period for language acquisition. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 268: 1189-1196. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2001.1629  PDF

170.      Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2001). Evolutionary dynamics of the lexical matrix. Bull. Math. Biol. 63: 451-484. DOI: 10.1006/bulm.2000.0222  PDF

171.      Krakauer, D. C. & M. A. Nowak (2001). Genetic redundancy. In Encyclopedia of Genetics, eds. S. Brenner, J. Miller. London: Academic Press, 845-846. DOI: 10.1006/rwgn.2001.0519  PDF

172.      Lifson, J. D., Rossio, J. L., Piatak, M., Parks, T., Li, L., Kiser, R., Coalter, V., Fisher, B., Flynn, B. M., Hirsch, V. M., Means, R. E., Czajak, S., Reimann, K. A., Schmitz, J. E., Ghrayeb, J., Bischofberger, N., Nowak, M. A., Desrosiers, R. C. & D. Wodarz (2001). Role of CD8+ lymphocytes in control of simian immunodeficiency virus infection and resistance to rechallenge after transient early antiretroviral treatment. J. Virol. 75: 10187-10199. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.75.21.10187-10199.2001 PDF

173.      Nowak, M. A. & N. L. Komarova (2001). Towards an evolutionary theory of language. Trends Cogn. Sci. 5: 288-295. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01683-1  PDF

174.      Nowak, M. A. Komarova, N. L. & P. Niyogi (2001). Evolution of universal grammar. Science 291: 114-118. DOI: 10.1126/science.291.5501.114  PDF

175.      Plotkin, J. B. & M. A. Nowak (2001). Major transitions in language evolution. Entropy 3: 227-246. DOI: 10.3390/e3040227 PDF

176.      Sigmund, K., Hauert, C. & M. A. Nowak (2001). Reward and punishment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98: 10757-10762. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.161155698  PDF

177.      Sigmund, K. & M. A. Nowak (2001). Evolution: Tides of tolerance. Nature 414: 403-405. DOI: 10.1038/35106672  PDF

178.      Wodarz, D., Hall, S. E., Usuku, K., Osame, M., Ogg, G. S., McMichael, A. J., Nowak, M. A. & C. R. M. Bangham (2001). Cytotoxic T-cell abundance and virus load in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and human T-cell leukemia virus type 1. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 268: 1215-1221. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2001.1608  PDF


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179.      Belz, G. T., Wodarz, D., Diaz, G., Nowak, M. A. & P. C. Doherty (2002). Compromised influenza virus-specific CD8+-T-cell memory in CD4+-T-cell-deficient mice. J. Virol. 76: 12388-12393. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.76.23.12388-12393.2002  PDF

180.      Komarova, N. L., Lengauer, C., Vogelstein, B. & M. A. Nowak (2002). Dynamics of genetic instability in sporadic and familial colorectal cancer. Cancer Biol. Ther. 1: 685-692. DOI: 10.4161/cbt.321  PDF

181.      Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2002). Population dynamics of grammar acquisition. In Simulating the Evolution of Language, eds. A. Cangelosi, D. Parisi. London: Springer Verlag, 149-163. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4471-0663-0_7   PDF

182.      Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak. (2002). Evolution: The good, the bad and the lonely. Nature 419: 677-679.DOI: 10.1038/419677a  PDF

183.      Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Immunology tomorrow. Book review of Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease, S. A. Frank. Nature 420: 741-742. DOI: 10.1038/420741b  PDF

184.      Nowak, M. A. (2002). From quasispecies to universal grammar. Z. Phys. Chem. 16: 5-20. DOI: 10.1524/zpch.2002.216.1.005  PDF

185.      Nowak, M. A., Komarova, N. L. & P. Niyogi (2002). Computational and evolutionary aspects of language. Nature 417: 611-617. DOI: 10.1038/nature00771  PDF

186.      Nowak, M. A., Komarova, N. L., Sengupta, A., Jallepalli, P. F., Shih, I. M., Vogelstein, B., Lengauer, C., (2002). The role of chromosomal instability in tumor initiation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99: 16226-16231. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.202617399  PDF

187.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2002). Biodiversity: Bacterial game dynamics. Nature 418: 138-139. DOI: 10.1038/418138a  PDF

188.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2002) Super- and coinfection: The two extremes. In Adaptive Dynamics of Infectious Diseases: In Pursuit of Virulence Management, eds. U. Dieckmann, J. A. J. Metz, M. Sabelis & K. Sigmund. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 124-138. DOI: 10.1017/cbo9780511525728.013   PDF 

189.      Page, K. M. & M. A. Nowak (2002). Empathy leads to fairness. Bull. Math. Biol. 64: 1101-1116. DOI: 10.1006/bulm.2002.0321  PDF

190.      Page, K. M. & M. A. Nowak (2002). Unifying evolutionary dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 219: 93-98. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2002.3112  PDF

191.      Plotkin, J. B. & M. A. Nowak (2002). The different effects of apoptosis and DNA repair on tumorigenesis. J. Theor. Biol. 214: 453-467. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2001.2471  PDF

192.      Sigmund, K., Fehr, E. & M. A. Nowak. (2002). The economics of fair play. Sci. Am. 286: 82-87. DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican0102-82  PDF

193.      Wodarz, D. & M. A. Nowak (2002). Mathematical models of HIV pathogenesis and treatment. Bioessays 24: 1178-1187. DOI: 10.1002/bies.10196  PDF


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194.      Frank, S. A., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Patterns of cell division and the risk of cancer. Genetics 163: 1527-1532.  PDF

195.      Frank, S.A. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Cell biology: Developmental predisposition to cancer. Nature 422:494. DOI: 10.1038/422494a  PDF

196.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Evolutionary dynamics of escape from biomedical intervention. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 270: 2573-2578. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2539  PDF

197.      Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Language dynamics in finite populations. J. Theor. Biol. 221: 445-457. DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.2003.3199  PDF

198.      Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Language, learning and evolution. In Language Evolution, eds. MH Christiansen, S Kirby. Oxford University Press, 317-337. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244843.003.0017  PDF

199.      Komarova, N. L., Sengupta, A. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Mutation-selection networks of cancer initiation: Tumor suppressor genes and chromosomal instability. J. Theor. Biol. 223: 433-450. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(03)00120-6   PDF 

200.      Michor, F., Frank, S. A., May, R. M., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Somatic selection for and against cancer. J. Theor. Biol. 225: 377-382. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(03)00267-4  PDF

201.      Michor, F., Iwasa, Y., Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Local regulation of homeostasis favors chromosomal instability. Curr. Biol. 13: 581-584. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00172-6  PDF

202.      Michor, F., Nowak, M. A., Frank, S. A. & Y. Iwasa (2003). Stochastic elimination of cancer cells. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 270: 2017-2024. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2483  PDF

203.      Mitchener, G. & M. A. Nowak (2003). Competitive exclusion and coexistence of universal grammars. Bull. Math. Biol. 65: 67-93. DOI: 10.1006/bulm.2002.0322  PDF

204.      Nowak, M. A., Michor, F., & Y. Iwasa (2003). The linear process of somatic evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100: 14966-14969. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2535419100  PDF

205.      Rajagopalan, H., Nowak, M. A., Vogelstein, B. & C. Lengauer (2003). The significance of unstable chromosomes in colorectal cancer. Nat. Rev. Cancer 3: 695-701. DOI: 10.1038/nrc1165  PDF

206.      Sasaki, A. & M. A. Nowak (2003) Mutation landscapes. J. Theor. Biol. 224: 241-247. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(03)00161-9  PDF

207.      Wei, X., Decker, J. M., Wang, S., Hui, H., Kappes, J. C., Wu, X., Salazar-Gonzalez, J. F., Salazar, M. G., Kilby, J. M., Saag, M. S., Komarova, N. L., Nowak, M. A., Hahn, B. H., Kwong, P. D. & G. M. Shaw (2003). Antibody neutralization and escape by HIV-1. Nature 422: 307-312. DOI: 10.1038/nature01470  PDF & SI


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208.      Frank, S. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Problems of somatic mutation and cancer. Bioessays 26: 291-299. DOI: 10.1002/bies.20000  PDF

209.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of invasion and escape. J. Theor. Biol. 226: 205-214. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2003.08.014  PDF

210.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Some basic properties of immune selection. J. Theor. Biol. 229:179-188. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.03.013  PDF

211.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Stochastic tunnels in evolutionary dynamics. Genetics 166: 1571-1579. DOI: 10.1534/genetics.166.3.1571  PDF

212.      Jones, N. A., Wei, X., Flower, D. R., Wong, M. L., Michor, F., Saag, M. S., Hahn, B. H., Nowak, M. A. & G. M. Shaw (2004). Determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 escape from the primary CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte response. J. Exp. Med. 200:1243-1256. DOI: 10.1084/jem.20040511  PDF

213.      Matsen, F. A. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Win-stay, lose-shift in language learning from peers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.101: 18053-18057. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0406608102 PDF

214.      Michor, F., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Dynamics of cancer progression. Nat. Rev. Cancer 4: 197-205. DOI: 10.1038/nrc1295  PDF

215.      Michor, F., Iwasa, Y., Rajagopalan, H., Lengauer, C. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Linear model of colon cancer initiation. Cell Cycle 3: 358-362. DOI: 10.4161/cc.3.3.690  PDF

216.      Mitchener, W. G. & M. A. Nowak (2004). Chaos and language. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 271: 701-704. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2643  PDF

217.      Nowak, M. A. (2004). Prisoners of the dilemma. Nature 427: 491. DOI: 10.1038/427491a  PDF

218.      Nowak, M. A. (2004). Theory is available light. Curr. Biol. 14: R406-R407. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2004.05.027  PDF

219.      Nowak, M. A., Michor, F., Komarova, N. L. & Y. Iwasa (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of tumor suppressor gene inactivation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101: 10635-10638. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0400747101  PDF

220.      Nowak, M. A., Sasaki, A., Taylor, C. & D. Fudenberg (2004). Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations. Nature 428: 646-650. DOI: 10.1038/nature02414  PDF

221.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science 303: 793-799. DOI: 10.1126/science.1093411  PDF

222.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2004). Population dynamics in evolutionary ecology. In Life Sciences for the 21st Century, eds. E. Keinan, I. Schechter, M. Sela. Weinham: Wiley-VCH, 327-343.  PDF

223.      Taylor C, D Fudenberg, A Sasaki & M. A. Nowak (2004). Evolutionary game dynamics in finite populations. Bull. Math. Biol. 66: 1621-1644. DOI: 10.1016/j.bulm.2004.03.004  PDF


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224.      Imhof, L. A., Fudenberg, D. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Evolutionary cycles of cooperation and defection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102: 10797-10800. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0502589102  PDF

225.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F., Komarova, N. L. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Population genetics of tumor suppressor genes. J. Theor. Biol. 233: 15-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.09.001 PDF

226.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak. (2005). Virus evolution within patients increases pathogenicity. J. Theor. Biol. 232: 17-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.07.016  PDF

227.      Lieberman E, C Hauert & M. A. Nowak (2005). Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433: 312-316.DOI: 10.1038/nature03204  PDF & SI

228.      Michor, F., Hughes, T. P., Iwasa, Y., Branford, S., Shah, N. P., Sawyers, C. L. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Dynamics of chronic myeloid leukemia. Nature 435: 1267-1270. DOI: 10.1038/nature03669  PDF & SI

229.      Michor, F., Iwasa, Y., Lengauer, C. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Dynamics of colorectal cancer. Semin. Cancer Biol. 15: 484-493. DOI: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2005.06.005  PDF

230.      Michor, F., Iwasa, Y., Vogelstein, B., Lengauer, C. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Can chromosomal instability initiate tumorigenesis? Semin. Cancer Biol. 15: 43-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2004.09.007  PDF

231.      Nowak, M. A. & N. L. Komarova (2005). The evolution of altruism: From game theory to human language. In Spiritual Information, ed. Harper, C. Templeton Foundation Press, 308-314.  PDF

232.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2005). Evolution of indirect reciprocity. Nature 437: 1291-1298. DOI: 10.1038/nature04131  PDF

233.      Traulsen, A., Sengupta, A. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Stochastic evolutionary dynamics on two levels. J. Theor. Biol. 235: 393-401. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.01.019  PDF

234.      Willensdorfer, M. & M. A. Nowak (2005). Mutation in evolutionary games can increase average fitness at equilibrium. J. Theor. Biol. 237: 355-362. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.04.020  PDF


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235.      Bürger, R., Willensdorfer, M. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Why are phenotypic mutation rates much higher than genotypic mutation rates? Genetics 172: 197-206. DOI: 10.1534/genetics.105.046599  PDF

236.      Dingli, D. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Cancer biology: Infectious tumour cells. Nature 443: 35-36. DOI: 10.1038/443035a  PDF

237.      Fudenberg, D., Nowak, M. A., Taylor, C. & L. Imhof (2006). Evolutionary game dynamics in finite populations with strong selection and weak mutation. Theor. Popul. Biol. 70: 352-363. DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2006.07.006  PDF

238.      Hauert, C., Michor, F., Nowak, M. A. & M. Doebeli (2006). Synergy and discounting of cooperation in social dilemmas. J. Theor. Biol. 239: 195-202. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.08.040  PDF

239.      Imhof, L. A. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Evolutionary game dynamics in a Wright-Fisher process. J. Math. Biol. 52: 667-681. DOI: 10.1007/s00285-005-0369-8  PDF

240.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. M. A. Nowak (2006). Evolution of resistance during clonal expansion. Genetics 172: 2557-2566. DOI: 10.1534/genetics.105.049791  PDF

241.      Michor, F., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2006). The age incidence of chronic myeloid leukemia can be explained by a one-mutation model. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 14931-14934. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0607006103  PDF

242.      Michor, F., Nowak, M. A. & Y. Iwasa (2006). Evolution of resistance to cancer therapy. Curr. Pharm. Design 12: 261-271. DOI: 10.2174/138161206775201956  PDF

243.      Michor, F., Nowak, M. A. & Y. Iwasa (2006). Stochastic dynamics of metastasis formation. J. Theor. Biol. 240:   521-530. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.10.021  PDF

244.      Nowak, M. A. (2006). Evolutionary Dynamics: Exploring the Equations of Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN: 9780674023383

245.      Nowak, M. A. (2006). Five rules for the evolution of cooperation. Science 314: 1560-1563. DOI: 10.1126/science.1133755  PDF

246.      Nowak, M. A., Michor, F. & Y. Iwasa (2006). Genetic instability and clonal expansion. J. Theor. Biol. 241: 26-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.11.012  PDF

247.      Ohtsuki, H., C Hauert, E Lieberman & M. A. Nowak (2006). A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks. Nature 441: 502-505. DOI: 10.1038/nature04605   PDF & SI

248.      Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Evolutionary games on cycles. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 273: 2249-2256. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2006.3576  PDF

249.      Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2006). The replicator equation on graphs. J. Theor. Biol. 243: 86-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.06.004  PDF

250.      Pacheco, J. M., Traulsen, A. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Active linking in evolutionary games. J. Theor. Biol. 243: 437-443. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.06.027  PDF

251.      Pacheco, J. M., Traulsen, A. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Coevolution of strategy and structure in complex networks with dynamical linking. Phys. Rev. Lett. 97: 258103. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.258103  PDF

252.      Pfeiffer, T. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Climate change: All in the game. Nature 441: 583-584. DOI: 10.1038/441583a  PDF

253.      Pfeiffer, T. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Digital cows grazing on digital grounds. Curr. Biol. 16: R946-R949. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2006.10.011  PDF

254.      Taylor, C., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2006). A symmetry of fixation times in evolutionary dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 243: 245-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.06.016  PDF

255.      Taylor, C. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Evolutionary game dynamics with non-uniform interaction rates. Theor. Popul. Biol. 69: 243-252. DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2005.06.009  PDF

256.      Traulsen, A. & M. A. Nowak (2006). Evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 10952-10955. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0602530103  PDF

257.      Traulsen, A., Nowak, M. A. & J. M. Pacheco (2006). Stochastic dynamics of invasion and fixation. Phys. Rev. E. 74: 011909. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.74.011909 PDF


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258.      Beerenwinkel, N., Antal, T., Dingli, D., Traulsen, A., Kinzler, K. W., Velculescu, V. E., Vogelstein, B. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Genetic progression and the waiting time to cancer. PLoS Comput. Biol. 3: e225. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030225  PDF

259.      Hauert, C., Traulsen, A., Brandt, H., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2007). Via freedom to coercion: The emergence of costly punishment. Science 316: 1905-1907. DOI:  10.1126/science.1141588  PDF

260.      Imhof, L. A., Fudenberg, D. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Tit-for-tat or win-stay, lose-shift? J. Theor. Biol. 247: 574-580. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.03.027  PDF

261.      Iwasa, Y., Michor, F. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Directional evolution of virus within a host under immune selection. In Mathematics for Life Science and Medicine, Vol. 2, eds. Y. Takeuchi, K. Sato, Y. Iwasa. Springer: New York, 155-176. DOI:  10.1007/978-3-540-34426-1_7 PDF

262.      Lieberman, E., Michel, J. B., Jackson, J., Tang, T. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Quantifying the evolutionary dynamics of language. Nature 449: 713-716. DOI: 10.1038/nature06137  PDF & SI

263.      Nowak, M. A. & S. Roch (2007). Upstream reciprocity and the evolution of gratitude. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 274: 605-609. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2006.0125  PDF

264.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2007). How populations cohere: Five rules for cooperation. In Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications, eds. R. M. May, A. McLean. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 7-16.  PDF

265.      Ohtsuki, H., Bordalo, P. & M. A. Nowak (2007). The one third law of evolutionary dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 249: 289-295. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.07.005 PDF

266.      Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Direct reciprocity on graphs. J. Theor. Biol. 247: 462-470. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.03.018  PDF

267.      Ohtsuki, H., Nowak, M. A. & J. M. Pacheco (2007). Breaking the symmetry between interaction and replacement in evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98: 108106. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.108106  PDF

268.      Ohtsuki, H., Pacheco, J. M. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Evolutionary graph theory: Breaking the symmetry between interaction and replacement. J. Theor. Biol. 246: 681-694. DOI:  10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.01.024  PDF

269.      Taylor, C. & M. A. Nowak (2007).  Transforming the dilemma. Evolution 61: 2281-2292. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00196.x  PDF

270.      Traulsen, A., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2007). The fastest evolutionary trajectory. J. Theor. Biol. 249: 617-623. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.08.012  PDF

271.      Traulsen, A. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Chromodynamics of cooperation in finite populations. PLoS ONE 2: e270. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000270  PDF

272.      Traulsen, A., Nowak, M. A. & J. M. Pacheco (2007). Stochastic payoff evaluation increases the temperature of selection. J. Theor. Biol. 244: 349-356. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.08.008  PDF

273.      Traulsen, A., Pacheco, J. M. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Pairwise comparison and selection temperature in evolutionary game dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 246: 522-529. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.01.002  PDF

274.      Willensdorfer, M., Bürger, R. & M. A. Nowak (2007). Phenotypic mutation rates and the abundance of abnormal proteins in yeast. PLoS Comput. Biol. 3: e203. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030203  PDF


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275.      Dingli, D. & M. A. Nowak (2008). Evolutionary dynamics of cancer. Book review of Dynamics of Cancer: Incidence, Inheritance, and Evolution, S. A. Frank. Trends Ecol. Evol. 25: 254-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.12.007  PDF

276.      Dreber A. & M. A. Nowak. (2008). Gambling for global goods. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105: 2261-2262. DOI:  10.1073/pnas.0800033105  PDF

277.      Dreber, A., Rand, D. G., Fudenberg, D. & M. A. Nowak (2008). Winners don’t punish. Nature 452: 348-351. DOI: 10.1038/nature06723  PDF & SI

278.      Fu, F., Hauert, C., Nowak, M. A. & L. Wang (2008). Reputation-based partner choice promotes cooperation in social networks. Phys. Rev. E. 78: 026117. Republished in Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research 165. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.026117 PDF

279.      Hauert, C., Traulsen, A., Brandt, H., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2008). Public goods with punishment and abstaining in finite and infinite populations. Biol. Theory 3(2): 114–122. DOI:  PDF

280.      Jones, S., Chen, W., Parmigiani, G., Diehl, F., Beerenwinkel, N., Antal, T., Traulsen, A., Nowak, M. A., Siegel, C., Velculescu, V. E., Kinzler, K. W., Vogelstein, B., Willis, J., & S. D. Markowitz (2008). Comparative lesion sequencing provides insights into tumor evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105: 4283-4288. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0712345105 PDF

281.      Langer, P., Nowak, M. A. & C. Hauert (2008). Spatial invasion of cooperation. J. Theor. Biol. 250: 634-641. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.11.002  PDF

282.      Nowak, M. A. (2008). Generosity: A winner's advice. Nature 456: 579. DOI: 10.1038/456579a  PDF

283.      Nowak, M. A. & H. Ohtsuki (2008). Prevolutionary dynamics and the origin of evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105: 14924-14927. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0806714105 PDF

284.      Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2008). Evolutionary stability on graphs. J. Theor. Biol. 251: 698-707. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.01.005 PDF

285.      Pacheco, J. M., Traulsen, A., Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2008). Repeated games and direct reciprocity under active linking. J. Theor. Biol. 250: 723-731. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.10.040 PDF

286.      Pinker, S., Nowak, M. A. & J. J. Lee (2008). The logic of indirect speech. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105: 833-838. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0707192105  PDF

287.      Traulsen, A., Shoresh, N. & M. A. Nowak (2008). Analytical results for individual and group selection of any intensity. Bull. Math. Biol. 70: 1410-1424. DOI: 10.1007/s11538-008-9305-6  PDF


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288.      Antal, T., & M. A. Nowak, & A. Traulsen (2009). Strategy abundance in 2x2 games for arbitrary mutation rates. J. Theor. Biol. 257: 340-344. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0902528106  PDF

289.      Antal, T., Ohtsuki, H., Wakeley, J. Taylor, P. D. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Evolution of cooperation by phenotypic similarity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 8597-8600. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.11.023  PDF

290.      Antal, T., Traulsen, A., Ohtsuki, H., Tarnita, C. E. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Mutation–selection equilibrium in games with multiple strategies. J. Theor. Biol. 258: 614-622. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.02.010  PDF

291.      Fu, F., Wang, L., & M. A. Nowak & C. Hauert (2009). Evolutionary dynamics on graphs: Efficient method for weak selection. Phys. Rev. E  79: 046707. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.046707 PDF

292.      Gokhale, C.S., Iwasa, Y., Nowak, M. A. & A.Traulsen (2009). The pace of evolution across fitness valleys. J. Theor. Biol. 259: 613-620. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.04.011  PDF

293.      Manapat, M., Ohtsuki, H., Bürger, R. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Originator dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 256: 586–595. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.10.006  PDF

294.      Nathanson, C. G., Tarnita, C. E. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Calculating evolutionary dynamics in structured populations. PLoS Comput. Biol. 5: e1000615. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000615  PDF

              Nathanson, C. G., Tarnita, C. E. & M. A. Nowak (2010) Correction: Calculating Evolutionary Dynamics in Structured Populations. PLoS Comput. Biol. 6 (1). DOI: 10.1371/annotation/064a9048-e6f7-4cf8-b259-f40cfb6696ba  PDF

295.      Ohtsuki, H., Iwasa, Y. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment. Nature 457: 79-82. DOI: 10.1038/nature07601  PDF & SI

296.      Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Prelife catalysts and replicators. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 276: 3783-3790. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.1136  PDF

297.      Rand, D. G., Dreber, A., Ellingsen, T., Fudenberg, D. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Positive interactions promote public cooperation. Science 325: 1272-1275. DOI: 10.1126/science.1177418  PDF

298.      Rand, D. G. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Name and shame: How reputation could save the Earth. New Scientist 204 (2734): 28-29. DOI: 10.1016/S0262-4079(09)62991-2  PDF

299.      Rand, D. G., Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Direct reciprocity with costly punishment: Generous tit-for-tat prevails. J. Theor. Biol. 256: 45-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.015  PDF

300.      Tarnita, C. E., Antal, T. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Mutation-selection equilibrium in games with mixed strategies. J. Theor. Biol. 261: 50-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.07.028  PDF

301.      Tarnita, C. E., Antal, T., Ohtsuki, H. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Evolutionary dynamics in set structured populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 8601-8604. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0903019106  PDF

302.      Tarnita, C. E., Ohtsuki, H., Antal, T., Fu, F. & M. A. Nowak (2009). Strategy selection in structured populations. J. Theor. Biol. 259: 570-581. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.03.035  PDF

303.      Taylor, C. & M. A. Nowak (2009). How to evolve cooperation. Pages 41-56. In Games, Groups, and the Global Good, ed. S. Levin. New York: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-85436-4_2  PDF

304.      Traulsen, A., Hauert, C., Brandt De Silva, H., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2009). Exploration dynamics in evolutionary games. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 709-712. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0808450106  PDF

305.      Wakano, J. Y., Nowak, M. A. & C. Hauert (2009). Spatial dynamics of ecological public goods. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 7910-7914. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0812644106  PDF


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306.      Bozic, I., Antal, T., Ohtsuki, H., Carter, H., Kim, D., Chen, S., Karchin, R., Kinzler, K. W., Vogelstein, B. & M. A. Nowak (2010). Accumulation of driver and passenger mutations during tumor progression. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107 (43): 18545–18550. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1010978107  PDF

307.      Fu, F., Nowak, M. A. & C. Hauert (2010). Invasion and expansion of cooperators in lattice populations: Prisoner's dilemma vs. Snowdrift games. J. Theor. Biol. 266 (3): 358-366. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.06.042  PDF

308.      Hill, A. L., Rand, D. G., Nowak, M. A. & N. A. Christakis (2010). Emotions as infectious diseases in a large social network: the SISa model. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 277(1701): 3827-3835. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1217  PDF

309.      Hill, A. L., Rand, D. G., Nowak, M. A. & N. A. Christakis (2010). Infectious disease modeling of social contagion in networks. PLoS Comput Biol  6(11): e1000968. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000968  PDF

310.      Imhof, L. A & Nowak, M.A. (2010). Stochastic evolutionary dynamics of direct reciprocity. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 277(1680): 463-468. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.1171  PDF

311.      Manapat, M. L., Chen, I. A. & Nowak, M.A. (2010). The basic reproductive ratio of life. J. Theor. Biol. 263 (3): 317-327. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.12.020  PDF

312.      Nowak, M. A., Tarnita, C. E. & T. Antal (2010). Evolutionary dynamics in structured populations. Philos. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 365 (1537): 19-30. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0215  PDF

313.      Nowak, M. A., Tarnita, C. E. & E. O. Wilson (2010). The evolution of eusociality. Nature 466(7310):1057-1062. DOI: 10.1038/nature09205  PDF

314.      Ojosnegros, S., Beerenwinkel, N., Antal, T., Nowak, M. A., Escarmis, C. & E. Domingo (2010). Competition-colonization dynamics in an RNA virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107 (5): 2108-2112. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909787107  PDF

315.      Rajamani, S., Ichida, J. K., Antal, T., Treco, D. A., Leu, K., Nowak, M. A., Szostak, J. W. & I. A. Chen (2010). Effect of stalling after mismatches on the error catastrophe in nonenzymatic nucleic acid replication. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 (16): 5880–5885. DOI: 10.1021/ja100780p  PDF

316.      Yachida, S., Jones, S., Bozic, I., Antal, T., Leary, R., Fu, B., Kamiyama, M., Hruban, R. H., Eshleman, J. R., Nowak, M. A., Velculescu, V. E., Kinzler, K.W., Vogelstein, B. & C. A. Iacobuzio-Donahue (2010). Distant metastasis occurs late during the genetic evolution of pancreatic cancer. Nature 467 (7319): 1114– 1117. DOI: 10.1038/nature09515  PDF & SI


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317.      Beale, N., Rand, D. G., Battey, H., Croxson, K., May, R. M. & Nowak, M.A. (2011). Individual versus systemic risk and the Regulator’s Dilemma. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108 (31): 12647-12652. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1105882108  PDF

318.      Fu, F., Rosenbloom, D. I., Wang, L. & Nowak, M.A. (2011). Imitation dynamics of vaccination behaviour on social networks. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 278 (1702): 42-49. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1107  PDF

319.      Michel, J. B., Shen, Y. K., Presser Aiden, A., Veres, A. & M. K. Gray, The Google Books Team, J. P. Pickett, D. Hoiberg, D. Clancy, P. Norvig, J. Orwant, S. Pinker, Nowak, M.A. & Lieberman, E.A. (2011). Quantitative analysis of culture using millions of digitized books. Science 331 (6014): 176-182. DOI: 10.1126/science.1199644  PDF

320.      Nowak, M. A. & R. Highfield (2011). SuperCooperators: Why We Need Each Other to Succeed. Simon & Schuster. ISBN: 9781451626636.

321.      Nowak, M. A., Tarnita, C. E. & E. O. Wilson (2011). Nowak et al. reply. Nature 471 (7339): E9-E10. DOI: 10.1038/nature09836  PDF

322.      Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2011). The evolution of antisocial punishment in optional public goods games. Nat. Commun. 2: 434. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1442  PDF

323.      Tarnita, C. E., Wage, N. & Nowak, M.A. (2011). Multiple strategies in structured populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108 (6): 2334-2337. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1016008108  PDF

324.      van Veelen, M. & Nowak, M.A. (2011). Evolution: Selection for positive illusions. Nature 477 (7364): 282-283. DOI: 10.1038/477282a  PDF


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325.      Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Evolutionary shift dynamics on a cycle. J. Theor. Biol. 311: 28-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.07.006  PDF

326.      Allen, B., Traulsen, A., Tarnita, C. E. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). How mutation affects evolutionary games on graphs. J. Theor. Biol. 299: 97-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.03.034  PDF

327.      Bozic, I., Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Dynamics of targeted cancer therapy. Trends Mol. Med. 18 (6): 311-316. DOI: 10.1016/j.molmed.2012.04.006  PDF

328.      Cavaliere, M., Sedwards, S., Tarnita, C. E., Nowak, M. A. & A. Csikász-Nagy (2012). Prosperity is associated with instability in dynamical networks. J. Theor. Biol. 299: 126-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.09.005  PDF

329.      Chatterjee, K., Reiter, J. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Evolutionary dynamics of biological auctions. Theor. Popul. Biol. 81 (1): 69-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2011.11.003  PDF

330.      Chatterjee, K., Zufferey, D. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Evolutionary game dynamics in populations with different learners. J. Theor. Biol. 301: 161-173. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.02.021  PDF

331.      Chen, I. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). From prelife to life: how chemical kinetics become evolutionary dynamics. Acc. Chem. Res. 45 (12): 2088-2096. DOI: 10.1021/ar2002683  PDF

332.      Derr, J., Manapat, M. L., Rajamani, S., Leu, K., Xulvi-Brunet, R., Joseph, I., Nowak, M. A. & I. A. Chen (2012). Prebiotically plausible mechanisms increase compositional diversity of nucleic acid sequences. Nucl. Acids Res. 40 (10): 4711-4722. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gks065  PDF

333.      Diaz, Jr., L. A., Williams, R. T., Wu, J., Kinde, I., Hecht, J. R., Berlin, J., Allen, B., Bozic, I., Reiter, J. G., Nowak, M. A., Kinzler, K. W., Oliner, K. S. & B. Vogelstein (2012). The molecular evolution of acquired resistance to targeted EGFR blockade in colorectal cancers. Nature 486 (7404): 537-540. DOI: 10.1038/nature11219  PDF & SI

334.      Fu, F., Nowak, M. A., Christakis, N. A. & J. H. Fowler (2012). The evolution of homophily. Sci. Rep. 2: 845. DOI: 10.1038/srep00845  PDF

335.      Fu, F., Tarnita, C. E., Christakis, N. A., Wang, L., Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A.(2012). Evolution of in-group favoritism. Sci Rep. 2: 460. DOI: 10.1038/srep00460  PDF

336.      Hill, A. L., Rosenbloom, D. I. S. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Evolutionary dynamics of HIV at multiple spatial and temporal scales. J. Mol. Med. 90 (5): 543-561. DOI: 10.1007/s00109-012-0892-1 PDF

337.      Manapat, M. L., Rand, D. G., Pawlowitsch, C. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Stochastic evolutionary dynamics resolve the Traveler's Dilemma. J. Theor. Biol. 303: 119-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.03.014  PDF

338.      Nowak, M. A. (2012). Evolving cooperation. J. Theor. Biol. 299: 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.01.014  PDF

339.      Nowak, M. A. (2012). Why we help. Sci. Am. 307 (1): 34-39. DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican0712-34  PDF

340.      Rand, D. G., Greene, J. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 489 (7416): 427-430. DOI: 10.1038/nature11467  PDF & SI

341.      Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Evolutionary dynamics in finite populations can explain the full range of cooperative behaviors observed in the centipede game. J. Theor. Biol. 300: 212-221. DOI:10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.01.011  PDF

342.      Rosenbloom, D. I. S, Hill, A. L., Rabi, S. A., Siliciano, R. F. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Antiretroviral dynamics determines HIV evolution and predicts therapy outcome. Nat. Med. 18 (9): 1378-1385. DOI: 10.1038/nm.2892  PDF & SI

343.      van Gestel, J., Nowak, M. A. & C. E. Tarnita (2012). The evolution of cell-to-cell communication in a sporulating bacterium. PLoS Comput. Biol. 8 (12): e1002818. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002818  PDF

344.      van Veelen, M, García, J. Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Direct reciprocity in structured populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109 (25): 9929-9934. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1206694109  PDF

345.      van Veelen, M. & Nowak, M.A. (2012). Multi-player games on the cycle. J. Theor. Biol. 292: 116-128. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.08.031 PDF


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346.      Allen, B., Gore, J. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Spatial dilemmas of diffusible public goods. eLife 2: e01169. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.01169  PDF

347.      Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Cooperation and the fate of microbial societies. PLoS Biol. 11 (4): e1001549. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001549  PDF

348.      Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). O Brave New World with Such Games. Science 341 (6148): 844-844. DOI: 10.1126/science.1241750  PDF

349.      Allen, B., Nowak, M. A. & U. Dieckmann (2013). Adaptive dynamics with interaction structure. Am. Nat. 181 (6): E139-E163. DOI: 10.1086/670192 PDF

350.      Allen, B., Nowak, M. A. & E. O. Wilson (2013). Limitations of inclusive fitness. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110 (50): 20135-20139. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1317588110  PDF

351.      Bianconi, G., Zhao, K., Chen, I. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Selection for replicases in protocells. PLoS Comput. Biol. 9 (5): e1003051. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003051  PDF

352.      Bozic, I. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Unwanted evolution. Science 342 (6161): 938-939. DOI: 10.1126/science.1247887  PDF

353.      Bozic, I., Reiter, J. G., Allen, B., Antal, T., Chatterjee, K., Shah, P., Moon, Y. S., Yaqubie, A., Kelly, N., Le, D. T., Lipson, E. J., Chapman, P. B., Diaz Jr., L. A., Vogelstein, B. & Nowak, M.A.(2013). Evolutionary dynamics of cancer in response to targeted combination therapy. eLife 2: e00747. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.00747  PDF

354.      Coakley, S. & Nowak, M.A., eds. (2013). Evolution, Games, and God: The Principle of Cooperation. Harvard University Press. ISBN: 9780674047976.

355.      Ellingsen, T., Herrmann, B., Nowak, M. A., Rand, D. G. & C. E. Tarnita (2013). Civic capital in two cultures: The nature of cooperation in Romania and USA. IDEAS Working Paper Series from RePEc, St. Louis. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2179575  PDF

356.      Fu, F. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Global migration can lead to stronger spatial selection than local migration. J. Stat. Phys. 151 (3-4): 637-653. DOI: 10.1007/s10955-012-0631-6  PDF

357.      Hilbe, C., Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2013). The evolution of extortion in iterated Prisoner's Dilemma games. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110 (17): 6913–6918. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1214834110  PDF

358.      Hilbe, C., Nowak, M. A. & A. Traulsen (2013). Adaptive dynamics of extortion and compliance. PLoS ONE 8 (11): e77886. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077886  PDF

359.      Manapat , M. L., Nowak, M. A., & D. G. Rand (2013). Information, irrationality, and the evolution of trust. J. Econ. Behav. Organ. 90 (Suppl): S57–S75. DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2012.10.018  PDF

360.      Novak, S., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Density games. J. Theor. Biol. 334: 26-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2013.05.029  PDF

361.      Randles, A. P., Rand, D. G., Lee, C., Morrisett, G., Sircar, J., Nowak, M. A. & H. Pfister (2013). Massively parallel model of extended memory use in evolutionary game dynamics. IPDPS: 1217-1228. DOI: 10.1109/IPDPS.2013.102  PDF

362.      Rand, D. G., Greene, J. D. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Rand et al. reply. Nature 498 (7452): E2-E3. DOI: 10.1038/nature12195  PDF

363.      Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Human cooperation. Trends Cogn. Sci. 17 (8): 413-425. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2013.06.003  PDF

364.      Rand, D. G., Tarnita, C. E., Ohtsuki, H., & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Evolution of fairness in the one-shot anonymous Ultimatum Game. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110 (7): 2581-2586. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1214167110  PDF

365.      Reiter, J. G., Bozic, I., Allen, B., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A.. (2013). The effect of one additional driver mutation on tumor progression. Evol. Appl. 6 (1): 34-45. DOI: 10.1111/eva.12020  PDF

366.      Reiter, J. G., Bozic, I., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). TTP: Tool for Tumor Progression. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 8044: 101-106. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-39799-8_6  PDF

367.      Suchow, J. W., Allen, B., Nowak, M. A. & G. A. Alvarez (2013). Evolutionary dynamics of visual memory. J. Vis. 13(9): 20. DOI: 10.1167/13.9.20  

368.      Tarnita, C. E., Taubes, C. H. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Evolutionary construction by staying together and coming together. J. Theor. Biol. 320: 10-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.11.022  PDF

369.      Yoeli, E., Hoffman, M., Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Powering up with indirect reciprocity in a large-scale field experiment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110 (Suppl 2): 10424-10429. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1301210110  PDF

370.      Zagorsky, B. M., Reiter, J. G., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2013). Forgiver triumphs in alternating Prisoner's Dilemma. PLoS ONE 8 (12): e80814. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080814  PDF


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371.      Adlam, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Universality of fixation probabilities in randomly structured populations. Nature Sci. Rep. 4: 6692. DOI: 10.1038/srep06692  PDF

372.      Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Games on graphs. EMS Surv. Math. Sci. 1(1): 115-151. DOI: 10.4171/EMSS/3

373.      Bozic, I. & Nowak, M.A. (2014) Timing and heterogeneity of mutations associated with drug-resistance in metastatic cancers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111 (45): 15964-15968. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1412075111  PDF

374.      Chatterjee, K., Pavlogiannis, A. Adlam, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). The time scale of evolutionary trajectories. PLoS Comput. Biol. 10(9): e1003818. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003818  PDF

375.      Fu, F., Kocher, S. D. & Nowak, M.A. (2014) The risk-return trade-off between solitary and eusocial reproduction. Ecol. Lett. 18(1): 74-84. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12392  PDF

376.      Ghang, W. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Stochastic evolution of staying together. J. Theor. Biol. 360: 129-136.DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.026PDF

377.      Hauser, O. P., Nowak, M. A. & D. G. Rand (2014). Punishment does not promote cooperation under exploration dynamics when anti-social punishment is possible. J. Theor. Biol. 360: 163-171. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2298851  PDF

378.      Hauser, O. P., Rand, D. G., Peysakhovich, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Cooperating with the future. Nature 511: 220-223. DOI: 10.1038/nature13530  PDF & SI

379.      Hauser, O. P., Traulsen, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Heterogeneity in background fitness acts as a suppressor of selection. J. Theor. Biol. 343(21):178-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2013.10.013  PDF

380.      Hilbe, C., Wu, B., Traulsen, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2014) Cooperation and control in multiplayer social dilemmas. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(46): 16425-16430. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1407887111  PDF

381.      Hill, A. L. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Mind over matter. Trends Ecol. Evol. 29(2):74-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2013.10.004  PDF

382.      Hill, A. L., Rosenbloom, D. L. S., Fu, F., Nowak, M. A. & R. F. Siliciano. (2014). Predicting the outcomes of treatment to eradicate the latent reservoir for HIV-1. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111: 37:134756-13480. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1406663111  PDF

383.      Humplik, J., Hill, A. L. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Evolutionary dynamics of infectious diseases in finite populations. J. Theor. Bio. 360: 149-162 DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.039  PDF

384.      Jeong, H-C., Oh, S-Y., Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Optional games on cycles and complete graphs. J. Theor. Biol. 356(7): 98-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.04.025  PDF

385.      Kocher, S. D., Pellissier, L., Veller, C., Purcell, J., Nowak, M. A., Chapuisat, M. & N. E. Pierce (2014). Transitions in social complexity along elevational gradients reveal a combined impact of season length and development time on social evolution. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 281 (1787) DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0627  PDF

386.      Markvoort, A. J., Sinai, S. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Computer simulations of cellular group selection reveal mechanism for sustaining cooperation. J. Theor. Biol. 357: 123-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.04.029  PDF

387.      Olejarz, J. W. & Nowak, M.A.(2014). Evolution of staying together in the context of diffusible public goods. J. Theor. Biol. 360:1-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.023  PDF

388.      Peysakhovich, A., Nowak, M. A. & D. G. Rand (2014). Humans display a 'cooperative phenotype' that is domain general and temporally stable. Nature Commun. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5939  PDF

389.      Rand, D. G., Dreber, A., Haque, O. S., Kane, R. J., Nowak, M. A. & S. Coakley (2014). Religious motivations for cooperation: an experimental investigation using explicit primes. Religion Brain Behav. 4 (1):31-48. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2123243  PDF

390.      Rand, D. G., Peysakhovich, A., Kraft-Todd, G. T., Newman, G. E., Wurzbacher, O., Nowak, M. A. & J. D. Greene (2014). Social heuristics shape intuitive cooperation. Nat. Commun. 5: 1-12. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4677  PDF

391.      Szabó, G., Bodó, K. S., Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Fourier decomposition of payoff matrix for symmetric three-strategy games. Phys. Rev. E 90 (4), 042811 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.90.042811  PDF

392.      Rand, D. G., Nowak, M. A., Fowler, J. H. & N. A. Christakis (2014) Static network structure can stabilize human cooperation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(48):17093-17098. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1400406111  PDF

393.      Wilson, E. O. & Nowak, M.A. (2014). Natural selection drives the evolution of ant lifecycles. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(35): 12585-12590. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1405550111  PDF


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394.      Adlam, B., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Amplifiers of Selection. Proc. Royal Soc. A. 471(2181). DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2015.0114  PDF

395.      Allen, B., Sample, C., Dementieva, Y. A., Medeiros, R. C., Paoletti, C. & Nowak, M.A.(2015).The molecular clock of neutral evolution can be accelerated or slowed by asymmetric spatial structure. PLoS Comput. Biol. 11(2): e1004108. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004108  PDF

396.      Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Games among relatives revisited. J. Theor. Biol. 378: 103-116. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.04.031  PDF

397.      Antal, T., Krapivsky, P. L. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Spatial evolution of tumors with successive driver mutations. Phys. Rev. E 92(2), 022705. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.022705  PDF

398.      Fu, F., Nowak M. A. & S. Bonhoeffer (2015). Spatial heterogeneity in drug concentrations can facilitate the emergence of resistance to cancer therapy. PLoS Comput. Biol. 11(3): e1004142. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004142  PDF

399.      Ghang W. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Indirect reciprocity with optional interactions. J. Theor. Biol. 365: 1-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.09.036  PDF

400.      Hilbe, C., Hoffman, M. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Cooperate without looking in a non-repeated game. Games 6(4), 458-472. DOI: 10.3390/g6040458  PDF

401.      Hilbe, C., Wu, B., Traulsen, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Evolutionary performance of zero-determinant strategies in multiplayer games. J. Theor. Biol. 374: 115-124 DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.03.032  PDF

402.      Hoffman, M., Yoeli, E. & Nowak, M.A. (2015) Cooperate without looking: Why we care what people think and not just what they do. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(6), 1727-1732. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1417904112  PDF

403.      Hoffman, M., Suetens, S., Gneezy, U. & Nowak, M.A. (2015) An experimental investigation of evolutionary dynamics in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game. Sci. Rep. 5, 8817. DOI: 10.1038/srep08817  PDF

404.      Ibsen-Jensen R, Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2015). Computational complexity of ecological and evolutionary spatial dynamics. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. ePub 7 Dec 2015. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1511366112  PDF

405.      Landau, D., Tausch, E., Taylor-Weiner, A. N., Stewart, C., Reiter, J. G., Bahlo, J., Kluth, S., Bozic, I., Lawrence, M., Böttcher, S., Carter, S. L., Cibulskis, K., Mertens, D., Sougnez, C. L., Rosenberg, M., Hess, J. M., Edelmann, J., Kless, S., Kneba, M., Ritgen, M., A., Fischer, K., Gabriel, S., Lander, E. S., Nowak, M. A., Döhner, H., Hallek, M., Neuberg, D., Getz, G., Stilgenbauer S. & C. J. Wu (2015). Mutations driving CLL and their evolution in progression and relapse. Nature 526: 525-530. DOI: 10.1038/nature15395  PDF

406.      Leventhal, G., Hill, A. L., Nowak, M. A. & S. Bonhoeffer (2015). Evolution and emergence of infectious diseases on theoretical and real-world networks. NatCommun. 6(6101) DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7101  PDF

407.      Misale, S., Bozic, I., Tong, J., Peraza-Penton, A., Lallo, A., Baldi, F., Lin, K., Trusolino, L., Bertotti, A., Di Nicolantonio, F., Nowak, M. A., Zhang, L., Wood, K. & A. Bardelli (2015). Vertical suppression of the EGFR pathway prevents onset of resistance in colorectal cancers. NatCommun. 6(8305). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9305  PDF

408.      Moreno-Gámez, S., Hill, A. L., Rosenbloom, D. I. R, Petrov, D., Nowak M. A. & P. Pennings (2015). Imperfect drug penetration leads to spatial monotherapy and rapid evolution of multi-drug resistance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(22) E2874-E2883. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1424184112  PDF

409.      Nowak, M. A. (2015). Obituary: John Forbes Nash (1928 - 2015). Nature 522:420.  DOI: 10.1038/522420a  PDF

410.      Nowak, M. A. & B. Allen (2015) Inclusive Fitness Theorizing Invokes Phenomena That Are Not Relevant for the Evolution of Eusociality. PLoS Biol. 13(4): e1002134. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002134  PDF

411.      Ohtsuki, H., Iwasa, Y. & Nowak, M. A. (2015). Reputation effects in public and private interactions. PLOS Comp. Biol. 11(11): e1004527 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004527  PDF

412.      Olejarz, J., Allen, B., Veller, C. & Nowak, M. A.(2015). The evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics. eLife 4:e08918. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.08918  PDF

413.      Olejarz, J., Ghang, W. & Nowak, M. A. (2015). Indirect Reciprocity with Optional Interactions and Private Information. Games 6(4), 438-457. DOI: 10.3390/g6040438  PDF

414.      Pavlogiannis, A., Chatterjee, K., Adlam, B. & Nowak, M. A. (2015). Cellular cooperation with shift updating and repulsion. Sci Rep. 5:17147. DOI: 10.1038/srep17147  PDF

415.      Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M. A. (2015). Cooperation among humans. In Global Cooperation and the Human Factor in International Relations. Ed. Dirk Messner, Ed. Silke Weinlich. New York: Routledge, 113-138. Print. DOI: 10.4324/9781315691657  PDF

416.      Reiter, J. G., Kanodia, A., Gupta, R., Nowak, M. A. & K. Chatterjee (2015) Biological auctions with multiple rewards. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 282: 20151041. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.1041  PDF

417.      Szabó, G., Bodó, K. S., Allen, B. & Nowak, M. A. (2015). Four classes of interactions for evolutionary games. Phys. Rev. E 92(2). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.022820  PDF

418.      Tomasetti, C., Marchionni, L., Nowak, M. A., Parmigiani, G. & B. Vogelstein (2015). Only three driver gene mutations are required for development of lung and colorectal cancers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(1):118-123. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1421839112  PDF

419.      Veller, C,. Nowak, M. A. & C. C. Davis (2015). Extended flowering intervals of bamboos evolved by discrete multiplication. Ecol. Lett. 18(7):653-9. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12442  PDF

420.      Vukov, J., Varga, L., Allen, B., Veller, C., Nowak, M. A. & G. Szabó (2015). Payoff components and their effects in a spatial three-strategy evolutionary social dilemma. Phys. Rev. E  92, 012813 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.012813  PDF

421.      Waclaw, B., Bozic, I., Pittman, M. E., Rhuban, R. H., Vogelstein & Nowak, M.A. (2015). A spatial model predicts that dispersal and cell turnover limit intratumour heterogeneity. Nature 525(7568):261-4. DOI: 10.1038/nature14971  PDF & SI


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422.      Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). There is no inclusive fitness at the level of the individual. Curr. Opin. Behav. Sci. 12: 122-128. DOI: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.10.002  PDF

423.      Baek, S. K.,Jeong, H. C., Hilbe, C. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Comparing reactive and memory-one strategies of direct reciprocity. Sci. Rep. 6 (25676). DOI: 10.1038/srep25676  PDF

424.      Bozic I, Gerold, J. M. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Quantifying clonal and subclonal passenger mutations in cancer evolution. PLoS Comput. Biol. 12(2): e1004731. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004731  PDF & SI

425.      Burger, J. A., Landau, D. A., Taylor-Weiner, A., Bozic, I., Zhang, H., Sarosiek, K., Wang, L., Stewart, C., Fan, J., Hoellenriegel, J., Sivina, M., Dubuc, A. M., Fraser, C., Han, Y., Li, S., Livak, K. J., Zou, L., Wan, Y., Konoplev, S., Sougnez, C., Brown, J. R., Abruzzo, L.V., Carter, S. L., Keating, M. J., Davids, M. S., Wierda, W. G., Cibulskis, K., Zenz, T., Werner, L., Dal Cin, P., Kharchencko, P., Neuberg, D., Kantarjian, H., Lander, E., Gabriel, S., O’Brien, S., Letai, A., Weitz, D. A., Nowak, M.A., Getz, G. & Wu, C.J. (2016) Clonal evolution in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia developing resistance to BTK inhibition. Nat Commun. 7(11589). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11589  PDF & SI

426.      Chen, Y., McAvoy, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Fixation probabilities for any configuration of two strategies on regular graphs. Sci. Rep. 6:39181. DOI: 10.1038/srep39181  PDF

427.      van Gestel, J. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Phenotypic heterogeneity and the evolution of bacterial life cycles. PLoS Comput. Biol. 12(2): e1004764. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004764  PDF

428.      Hauser, O., Hendriks, A., Rand, D. G. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Think global, act local: Preserving the global commons. Sci. Rep. 6:36079 DOI: 10.1038/srep36079  PDF

429.      Kaveh, K., Veller, C. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Games of multicellularity. J. Theor. Bio. 403:143-158. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.04.037  PDF

430.      Olejarz, J., Allen, B., Veller, C., Gadagkar, R. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Evolution of worker policing. J. Theor. Bio. 399: 103-116. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.03.001  PDF

431.      Paterson, C., Nowak, M. A. & B. Waclaw (2016). An exactly solvable, spatial model of mutation accumulation in cancer. Sci. Rep. 6:39511 DOI: 10.1038/srep39511  PDF

432.      Rand, D. G., Jordan, J., Hoffman, M. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Uncalculating cooperation is used to signal trustworthiness. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. epub 21 July 2016. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1601280113  PDF

433.      Reiter, J. G., Makohon-Moore, A., Gerold, J., Bozic, I., Chatterjee, K., Iacobuzio-Donahue, C., Vogelstein, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). Reconstructing the evolutionary history of metastatic cancers. Cancer Res. 76(14 Supplement), 2374-2374. DOI: 10.1158/1538-7445.AM2016-2374  PDF

434.      Veller, C., Haig, D. & Nowak, M.A. (2016). The Trivers-Willard hypothesis: sex ratio or investment? Proc. Royal Soc. B. 283(1830). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.0126  PDF

435.      Yamamoto, Y., Offord, C. P., Kimura, G., Kuribayashi, S., Takeda, H., Tsuchiya, S., Shimojo, H., Kanno, H., Bozic, I., Nowak, M. A., Bajzer, Ž. & D. Dingli (2016). Tumor and immune cell dynamics explain the PSA bounce after prostate cancer brachytherapy. Br. J. Cancer 115: 195–202. DOI:10.1038/bjc.2016.171  PDF & SI

436.      Yeates, J. A. M., Hilbe, C., Zwick, M., Nowak, M. A. & N. Lehman (2016). Dynamics of prebiotic RNA reproduction illuminated by chemical game theory. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1525273113  PDF


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437.      Allen, B., Lippner, G., Chen, Y-T., Fotouhi, B., Momeni, N., Yau, S-T. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Evolutionary dynamics on any population structure. Nature 544: 227–230. DOI: 10.1038/nature21723  PDF & SI

438.      Altrock, P. M., Traulsen, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Evolutionary games on cycles with strong selection. Phys. Rev. E 95 : 022407. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.95.022407  PDF

439.      Bozic, I. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Resisting Resistance. Annu. Rev. Cancer Biol. 2017 1:10.1–10.19. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-cancerbio-042716-094839  PDF

440.      Chatterjee, K., Ibsen-Jensen, R. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Faster Monte-Carlo Algorithms for Fixation Probability of the Moran Process. In K. G. Larsen, H. L. Bodlaender, J-F. Raskin (eds.), 42nd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2017), 61:1--61:13. Dagstuhl, Germany: Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik. DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2017.61  PDF

441.      Hilbe, C., Martinez-Vaquero, L. A., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Memory-n strategies of direct reciprocity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114 (18): 4715-4720. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1621239114  PDF & SI 

442.      Kinsler, G., Sinai, S., Lee, N. K. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Prebiotic selection for motifs in a model of template-free elongation of polymers within compartments. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0180208. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180208  PDF

443.      Knoll, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). The Timetable of Evolution. Sci. Adv. 3(5): e1603076. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1603076  PDF

444.      Krieger, M., McAvoy, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Effects of motion in structured populations. J. Royal Soc. Interface 14(135) DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2017.0509  PDF & SI

445.      Makohon-Moore, A. P., Zhang, M., Reiter, J. G., Bozic, I., Allen, B., Kundu, D., Chatterjee, K., Wong, F., Jiao, Y., Kohutek, Z. A., Hong, J., Attiyeh, M., Javier, B., Wood, L. D., Hruban, R. H., Nowak, M. A., Papadopoulos, N., Kinzler, K. W., Vogelstein, V. & C. A. Iacobuzio-Donahue (2017). Limited heterogeneity of known driver gene mutations among the metastases of individual pancreatic cancer patients. Nat. Genet. DOI: 10.1038/ng.3764  PDF & SI

446.      Naxerova, K., Reiter, J. G., Brachtel, E., Lennerz, J. K., van de Wetering, M., Rowan, A., Cai, T., Clevers, H., Swanton, C., Nowak, M. A., Elledge, S. J. & R. K. Jain (2017). Origins of lymphatic and distant metastases in human colorectal cancer. Science 357(6346): 55-60. DOI: 10.1126/science.aai8515  PDF & SI

447.      Noble, C., Olejarz, J., Esvelt, K., Church, G. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Evolutionary dynamics of CRISPR gene drives. Sci. Adv. 3(4), e1601964. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601964  PDF & SI

448.      Nowak, M. A., Allen, B., McAvoy, A. & E. O. Wilson (2017). The general form of Hamilton’s rule makes no predictions and cannot be tested empirically. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114 (22): 5665-5670. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1701805114  PDF

449.      Nowak, M. A. & B. Waclaw (2017). Genes, environment, and "bad luck" (2017). Science 355 (6331): 1266-1267. DOI: 10.1126/science.aam9746  PDF

450.      Nowak, M. A. & K. Sigmund (2017). How Virtue Was Born (2017). Gerontology epub 6 Dec 2017. DOI: 10.1159/000484479  PDF

451.      Olejarz, J., Veller, C. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). The evolution of queen control over worker reproduction in the social Hymenoptera. Ecol. Evol. epub 10 Sep 2017. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3324  PDF

452.      Pavlogiannis, A., Tkadlec, J., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A.(2017). Amplification on Undirected Population Structures: Comets Beat Stars. Sci. Rep. 7(82). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-00107-w  PDF & SI

453.      Priklopil, T., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Optional interactions and suspicious behaviour facilitates trustful cooperation in prisoners dilemma. J. Theor. Bio. epub 1 Sep 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2017.08.025  PDF

454.      Reiter, J. G., Makohon-Moore, A., Gerold, J., Bozic, I., Chatterjee, K., Iacobuzio-Donahue, C., Vogelstein, V. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Reconstructing metastatic seeding patterns of human cancers. Nat. Commun. 8(14114). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14114  PDF & SI

455.      Sinai, S., Kelsic, E., Church, G. M. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Variational auto-encoding of protein sequences. DOI: (NIPS workshop MLCB oral presentation)  PDF

456.      Veller, C., Hayward, L. K., Hilbe, C. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). The Red Queen and King in finite populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114(27): E5396-E5405. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1702020114  PDF

457.      Veller, C., Muralidhar, P., Constable, G. W. A. & Nowak, M.A. (2017). Drift-induced selection between male and female heterogamety. Genetics 207(2). DOI: 10.1534/genetics.117.300151 PDF & SI


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458.      Fotouhi, B., Momeni, N., Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Conjoining uncooperative societies facilitates evolution of cooperation. Nat. Hum. Behav. 2: 492-499. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-018-0368-6  PDF & SI

459.      Hilbe, C., Schmid, L., Tkadlec, J., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Indirect reciprocity with private, noisy, and incomplete information. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115(48): 12241– 12246. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1810565115  PDF & SI

460.      Hilbe, C., Šimsa, Š., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Evolution of cooperation in stochastic games.  Nature 246(559): 246-249. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0277-x  PDF & SI

461.      Hilbe, C., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Partners and rivals in direct reciprocity. Nat. Hum. Behav. 2: 4690477. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-018-0320-9  PDF & SI

462.      Hill A. L., Rosenbloom, D. I. S., Nowak, M. A. & R. F. Silciano (2018). Insight into treatment of HIV infection from viral dynamics models. Immunol. Rev. 285: 9-25. DOI: 10.1111/imr.12698  PDF 

463.      Hoffman, M., Hilbe C. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). The signal-burying game can explain why we obscure positive traits and good deeds. Nat. Hum. Behav.  2: 397–404. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-018-0354-z  PDF & SI

464.      Ibsen-Jensen, R., Tkadlec, J., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Language acquisition with communication between learners. J. Royal Soc. Interface 15: 20180073. DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2018.0073  PDF

465.      Kaveh, K., McAvoy, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Environmental Fitness Heterogeneity in the Moran Process. Royal Soc. Open Sci. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.181661  PDF

466.      Kirtane, A. R., Abouzid, O., Minahan, D., Bensel, T., Hill, A. L., Selinger, C., Bershteyn, A., Mo ,S. S., Craig, M., Mazdiyasni, H., Cleveland, C., Rogner, J., Lee, Y. A. L., Booth, L., Javid, F., Wu, S. J., Grant, T., Bellinger, A. M., Nikolic, B., Hayward, A., Wood, L., Eckhoff, P. A., Nowak, M. A., Langer, R. & G. Traverso (2018). Development of an oral once-weekly drug delivery system for HIV antiretroviral therapy. Nat. Commun. 9(2). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-02294-6  PDF

467.      Makohon-Moore, A. P., Matsukuma, K., Zhang, M., Reiter, J. G., Gerold, J. M., Jiao, Y., Sikkema, L., Attiyeh, M. A., Yachida, S., Sandone, C., Hruban, R. H., Klimstra, D. S., Papadopoulos, N., Nowak, M. A., Kinzler, K. W., Vogelstein, B. & C.A. Iacobuzio-Donahue (2018). Precancerous neoplastic cells can move through the pancreatic ductal system. Nature 561: 201–205. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0481-8  PDFSI

468.      McAvoy, A., Adlam, B., Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Stationary frequencies and mixing times for neutral drift processes with spatial structure. Proc. Royal Soc. A. 474: 20180238. DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2018.0238  PDF

469.      McAvoy, A., Hauert, C., Wakeley, J., Nowak, M. A. & N. Fraiman (2018). Public goods games in populations with fluctuating size. Theor. Popul. Biol. 121: 72-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2018.01.004  PDF

470.      Neagu, I. A., Freeman, M., Olejarz, J., Nowak, M. A. & A. L. Hill (2018). Life Cycle Synchronization as a Viral Drug Resistance Mechanism. PLOS Comput. Bio.14 (2), e1005947 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005947  PDF & SI

471.      Noble, C., Adlam, B., Church, G. M., Esvelt, K. M. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Current CRISPR gene drive systems are likely to be highly invasive in wild populations. eLife 7: e33423. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.33423  PDF

472.      Olejarz, J., Kaveh, K., Veller, C. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Selection for synchronized cell division in simple multicellular organisms. J. Theor. Biol. 457. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.08.038  PDF

473.      Pavlogiannis, A., Tkadlec, J., Chatterjee, K. & & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Strong Amplifiers of Natural Selection: Proofs. DOI:  PDF

474.      Pavlogiannis, A., Tkadlec, J., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Construction of arbitrarily strong amplifiers of natural selection using evolutionary graph theory. Nat. Commun. Biol. 1(1): 71. DOI: 10.1038/s42003-018-0078-7  PDF & SI

475.      Priklopil, T., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Optional interactions and suspicious behavior facilitates trustful coopoeration in prisoners dilemma. J. Theor. Biol. 433: 64-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2017.08.025  PDF & SI

476.      Reiter, J., Hilbe, C., Rand, D., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Crosstalk in concurrent repeated games impedes direct reciprocity and requires stronger levels of forgiveness. Nat. Commun. 9(555). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-02721-8  PDF & SI

477.      Reiter, J. G., Makohon-Moore, A. P., Gerold, J. M., Heyde, A., Attiyeh, M. A., Kohutek, Z. A., Tokheim, C. J., Brown, A., DeBlasio, R. M., Niyazov, J., Zucker, A., Karchin, R., Zinkler, K. W., Iacobuzio-Donahue, C.A., Vogelstein, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Minimal functional driver gene heterogeneity among untreated metastases. Science 361(6404): 1033-1037. DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7171  PDF & SI

478.      Sinai, S., Olejarz, J., Neagu, I. A. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). Primordial Sex Facilitates the Emergence of Evolution. J. Royal Soc. Interface 15 (139): 20180003 DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2018.0003  PDF

479.      Wakeley, J. & Nowak, M.A. (2018). A two-player iterated survival game. Theor. Popul. Biol. 125: 38-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2018.12.001  PDF


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480.      Craig, M., Kaveh, K., Woosley, A., Brown, A.S., Goldman, D., Eton, E., Mehta, R.M., Dhawan, A., Arai, K., Rahman, M.M., Chen, S., Nowak, M.A. & A. Goldman (2019). Cooperative adaptation to therapy (CAT) confers resistance in heterogeneous non-small cell lung cancer. PLOS Comput. Biol 15(8): e1007278. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007278  PDF

481.      Fotouhi, B., Momenti, N., Allen, B. & Nowak, M.A. (2019). Evolution of cooperation on large networks with community structure. J. Royal Soc. Interface 16: 20180677. DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2018.0677  PDF

482.      Gruber, M., Bozic, I., Leshchiner, I., Livitz, D., Stevenson, K., Rassenti, L., Rosebrock, D., Taylor-Weiner, A., Olive, O., Goyetche, R., Fernandes, S.M., Sun, J., Stewart, C., Wong, A., Cibulskis, C., Zhang, W., Reiter, J.G., Gerold, J.M., Gribben, J.G., Rai, K.R., Keating, M.J., Brown, J.R., Neuberg, D., Kipps, T.J., Nowak, M.A., Getz, G. & C.J. Wu (2019). Growth dynamics in naturally progressing chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Nature 570: 474–479. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1252-x  PDF

483.      Hauser, O.P., Hilbe, C., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2019). Social dilemmas among unequals. Nature 572: 524–527DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1488-5  PDF

484.      Heyde, A., Reiter, J.G., Naxerova, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2019). Consecutive seeding and transfer of genetic diversity in metastasis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A  116(28): 14129-14137. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1819408116  PDF

485.      Kaveh, K., McAvoy, A. & Nowak, M.A.(2019). Environmental fitness heterogeneity in the Moran process. Royal Soc. Open Sci. 5: 181661. DOI: PDF

486.      McAvoy, A. & Nowak, M.A. (2019). Reactive learning strategies for iterated games. Proc. Royal Soc. A 475: 20180819. DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2018.0819  PDF

487.      Reiter, J.G., Baretti, M., Gerold, J.M., Makohon-Moore, A.P., Daud, A., Iacobuzio-Donahue, C.A., Azad, N.S., Kinzler, K.W., Nowak, M.A. & B. Vogelstein (2019). An analysis of genetic heterogeneity in untreated cancers. Nat. Rev. Cancer.  DOI: 10.1038/s41568-019-0185-x PDF

488.      Tkadlec, J., Pavlogiannis, A., Chatterjee, K. & Nowak, M.A. (2019). Population structure determines the tradeoff between fixation probability and fixation time. Nat. Commun. Biol. 2: 138. DOI: 10.1038/s42003-019-0373-y PDF

489.      Veller, C., Kleckner, N. & Nowak, M.A.(2019). A rigorous measure of genome-wide genetic shuffling that takes into account crossover positons and Mendel's second law. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 116(5): 1659-1668. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1817482116  PDF


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