Select Publications

Selected Publications of Martin A. Nowak

Noble C, J Olejarz, K Esvelt, G Church, MA Nowak (2017). Evolutionary dynamics of CRISPR gene drives. Science Advances Vol. 3, no. 4, e1601964.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​
Allen B, G Lippner, Y-T Chen, B Fotouhi, N Momeni, S-T Yau, MA Nowak (2017). Evolutionary dynamics on any population structure. Nature 544: 227–230.

Waclaw B, I Bozic, ME Pittman, RH Rhuban, B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2015). A spatial model predicts that dispersal and cell turnover limit intratumour heterogeneity. Nature 525: 261 - 264.

Hoffman, M, E Yoeli, MA Nowak (2015) Cooperate without looking: Why we care what people think and not just what they do. Proc Natl Acad Sci.112(6), 1727-1732. PDF

Hauser OP, DG Rand, A Peysakhovich, MA Nowak (2014). Cooperating with the future. Nature 511: 220 - 223.  PDF SI

Rand DG, MA Nowak (2013). Human cooperation. Trends Cogn Sci 17 (8): 413-425.  PDF

Bozic I, JG Reiter, B Allen, T Antal, K Chatterjee, P Shah, YS Moon, A Yaqubie, N Kelly, DT Le, EJ Lipson, PB Chapman, LA Diaz Jr., B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2013). Evolutionary dynamics of cancer in response to targeted combination therapy. eLife 2: e00747.  PDF

Diaz LA Jr., RT Williams, J Wu, I Kinde, JR Hecht, J Berlin, B Allen, I Bozic, JG Reiter, MA Nowak, KW Kinzler, KS Oliner, B Vogelstein (2012). The molecular evolution of acquired resistance to targeted EGFR blockade in colorectal cancers. Nature 486 (7404): 537-540.  PDF

Nowak MA (2012). Evolving cooperation. J theor Biol 299: 1-8.  PDF

Rand DG, JD Greene, MA Nowak (2012). Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 489 (7416): 427-430.  PDF

Rosenbloom DIS, AL Hill, SA Rabi, RF Siliciano, MA Nowak (2012). Antiretroviral dynamics determines HIV evolution and predicts therapy outcome. Nat Med 18 (9): 1378-1385.  PDF

van Veelen M, J García, DG Rand, MA Nowak (2012). Direct reciprocity in structured populations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109 (25): 9929-9934.  PDF

Michel JB, YK Shen, A Presser Aiden, A Veres, MK Gray, The Google Books Team, JP Pickett, D Hoiberg, D Clancy, P Norvig, J Orwant, S Pinker, MA Nowak, E Lieberman Aiden (2011). Quantitative analysis of culture using millions of digitized books. Science 331 (6014): 176-182. doi: 10.1126/science.1199644  PDF

Nowak MA, R Highfield (2011). SuperCooperators: Why We Need Each Other to Succeed. Simon & Schuster

Bozic I, T Antal, H Ohtsuki, H Carter, D Kim, S Chen, R Karchin, KW Kinzler, B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2010). Accumulation of driver and passenger mutations during tumor progression. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107: 18545–18550. doi: 10.1073/pnas/1010978107  PDF

Nowak MA, CE Tarnita, EO Wilson (2010). The evolution of eusociality. Nature 466: 1057-1062. doi: 10.1038/nature09205  PDF & SI

Yachida S, S Jones, I Bozic, T Antal, R Leary, B Fu, M Kamiyama, RH Hruban, JR Eshleman, MA Nowak, VE Velculescu, KW Kinzler, B Vogelstein, CA Iacobuzio-Donahue (2010). Distant metastasis occurs late during the genetic evolution of pancreatic cancer. Nature 467: 1114–1117. doi: 10.1038/nature09515  PDF

Antal T, H Ohtsuki, J Wakeley, PD Taylor, MA Nowak (2009). Evolution of cooperation by phenotypic similarity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106: 8597-8600. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0902528106  PDF

Ohtsuki H, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2009). Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment. Nature 457: 79-82. doi: 10.1038/nature09601  PDF

Rand DG, A Dreber, T Ellingsen, D Fudenberg, MA Nowak (2009). Positive interactions promote public cooperation. Science 325: 1272-1275. doi: 10.1126/science.1177418  PDF

Tarnita CE, T Antal, H Ohtsuki, MA Nowak (2009). Evolutionary dynamics in set structured populations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106: 8601-8604. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0903019106  PDF

Dreber A, DG Rand, D Fudenberg, MA Nowak (2008). Winners don't punish. Nature 452: 348-351. doi: 10.1038/nature06723  PDF

Nowak MA, H Ohtsuki (2008). Prevolutionary dynamics and the origin of evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105: 14924-14927. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0806714105  PDF

Hauert C, A Traulsen, H Brandt, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (2007). Via freedom to coercion: The emergence of costly punishment. Science 316: 1905-1907. doi: 10.1126/science.1141588  PDF

Lieberman E, JB Michel, J Jackson, T Tang, MA Nowak (2007). Quantifying the evolutionary dynamics of language. Nature 449: 713-716. doi: 10.1038/nature06137  PDF

Nowak MA (2006). Five rules for the evolution of cooperation. Science 314: 1560-1563. doi: 10.1126/science.1133755  PDF

Nowak MA (2006). Evolutionary Dynamics: Exploring the Equations of Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Excerpt, Nature review, Science review, R.R. Hawkins Award)

Ohtsuki H, C Hauert, E Lieberman, MA Nowak (2006). A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks. Nature 441: 502-505. doi: 10.1038/nature04605  PDF

Lieberman E, C Hauert, MA Nowak (2005). Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433: 312-316. doi: 10.1038/nature03204  PDF

Michor F, TP Hughes, Y Iwasa, S Branford, NP Shah, CL Sawyers, MA Nowak (2005). Dynamics of chronic myeloid leukemia. Nature 435: 1267-1270. doi: 10.1038/nature03669  PDF

Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2005). Evolution of indirect reciprocity. Nature 437: 1291-1298. doi: 10.1038/nature04131  PDF

Nowak MA, F Michor, Y Iwasa (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of tumor suppressor gene inactivation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101: 10635-10638. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0400747101  PDF

Nowak MA, A Sasaki, C Taylor, D Fudenberg (2004). Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations. Nature 428: 646-650. doi: 10.1038/nature02414  PDF

Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science 303: 793-799. doi: 10.1126/science.1093411  PDF

Wei X, JM Decker, S Wang, H Hui, JC Kappes, W Xiaoyun, JF Salazar, MG Salazar, JM Kilby, MS Saag, NL Komarova, MA Nowak, BH Hahn, PD Kwong, GM Shaw (2003). Antibody neutralization and escape by HIV-1. Nature 422: 307-312. doi: 10.1038/nature041470  PDF

Nowak MA, NL Komarova, P Niyogi (2002). Computational and evolutionary aspects of language. Nature 417: 611-617. doi: 10.1038/nature00771  PDF

Nowak MA, NL Komarova, A Sengupta, PF Jallepalli, IM Shih, B Vogelstein, C Lengauer (2002). The role of chromosomal instability in tumor initiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 16226-16231. doi: 10.1073/pnas.202617399   PDF

Nowak MA, NL Komarova, P Niyogi (2001). Evolution of universal grammar. Science 291: 114-118. doi: 10.1126/science.291.5501.114  PDF

Nowak M, RM May (2000). Virus Dynamics: Mathematical Principles of Immunology and Virology. Oxford University Press.

Nowak MA, KM Page, K Sigmund (2000). Fairness versus reason in the ultimatum game. Science 289: 1773-1775. doi: 10.1126/science.289.5485.1773  PDF

Nowak MA, JB Plotkin, VAA Jansen (2000). The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404: 495-498. doi: 10.1038/35006635  PDF

Nowak MA, D Krakauer (1999). The evolution of language. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 8028-8033. doi: 10.1073/pnas.96.14.8028  PDF

Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1998). Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring. Nature 393: 573-577. doi: 10.1038/31225  PDF

Bonhoeffer S, RM May, GM Shaw, MA Nowak (1997). Virus dynamics and drug therapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 6971-6976. doi: 10.1073/pnas.94.13.6971  PDF

Nowak MA, MC Boerlijst, J Cooke, J Maynard Smith (1997). Evolution of genetic redundancy. Nature 388: 167-171. doi: 10.1038/40618  PDF

Nowak MA, CRM Bangham (1996). Population dynamics of immune responses to persistent viruses. Science 272: 74-79. doi: 10.1126/science.272.5258.74  PDF

Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, AM Hill, R Boehme, HC Thomas, H McDade (1996). Viral dynamics in hepatitis B virus infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 4398-4402. doi: 10.1073/pnas.93.9.4398   PDF

Nowak MA, RM May, RE Phillips, S Rowland-Jones, DG Lalloo, S McAdam, P Klenerman, B Köppe, K Sigmund, CRM Bangham, AJ McMichael (1995). Antigenic oscillations and shifting immunodominance in HIV-1 infections. Nature 375: 606-611. doi: 10.1038/357606a0  PDF

Wei X, SK Ghosh, ME Taylor, VA Johnson, EA Emini, P Deutsch, JD Lifson, S Bonhoeffer, MA Nowak, BH Hahn, MS Saag, GM Shaw (1995). Viral dynamics in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Nature 373: 117-122. doi: 10.1038/373117a0  PDF

Nowak MA, RM May (1994). Superinfection and the evolution of parasite virulence. Proc R Soc B 255: 81-89. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1994.0012  PDF

Tilman D, RM May, CL Lehman, MA Nowak (1994). Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371: 65-66. doi: 10.1038/371065a0  PDF

Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1993). A strategy of win-stay, lose-shift that outperforms tit for tat in the Prisoner's Dilemma game. Nature 364: 56-58. doi: 10.1038/364056a0  PDF

Nowak MA, RM May (1992). Evolutionary games and spatial chaos. Nature 359: 826-829. doi: 10.1038/359826a0  PDF

Nowak MA , K Sigmund (1992). Tit for tat in heterogeneous populations. Nature 355: 250-253. doi: 10.1038/355250a0  PDF

Nowak MA, RM Anderson, AR McLean, TFW Wolfs, J Goudsmit, RM May (1991). Antigenic diversity thresholds and the development of AIDS. Science 254: 963-369. doi: 10.1126/science.1683006   PDF